Special Issue "Multi-Resolution Data Fusion for Heritage Building Information Modeling (HBIM) and CityGML Organization"

A special issue of ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information (ISSN 2220-9964).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2021).

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Eva Savina Malinverni
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Guest Editor
Department of Civil, Building and Architectural Engineering (DICEA) Engineering Faculty.Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60131 Ancona, Italy
Interests: HBIM; Big Data; Heritage; Remote Sensors; Lidar; UAV; Mapping
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Dr. Roberto Pierdicca
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Civil, Building and Architectural Engineering (DICEA) Engineering Faculty. Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60131 Ancona – Italy
Interests: Cloud Points, Heritage, Mobile Lidar, Sensible Spaces, Augmented Reality
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent decades, the use of information management systems in building and urban data processing has led to radical changes being made to the methods of production, management, and archiving of data documentation. BIM has been used to facilitate project collaboration and data integration in many phases of a project and it can offer substantial benefits during the entire life cycle of the project. Additionally, 3D city models represent a key management and visualization tool at the urban and territorial scales (modeling terrain, buildings, bridges, vegetation, infrastructures, etc.). These methodologies can also be applied to cultural heritage, where information management plays a key role. This Special Issue wants to open a debate on the use of HBIM and CityGML for historical architecture (at both building and urban scales), illustrating methodologies of information management promoting the conservation and the valorization of data coming from different geomatics sensors integrated with each other. Close-range photogrammetric surveys, spherical panoramas, automatic digital image processing, 3D modeling obtained by remotely sensed images, UAV frames, and mobile laser arrangements based on SLAM technology are all integrated techniques suitable for the implementation of HBIM- and CityGML-based systems. Based on the accuracy of the data acquisition, the availability of information about the building, and the related level of knowledge, a semantic representation of a complex structure can be proposed at different scales of representation, managing different levels of detail. The collection of geometrical building components in a database, enriched with attributes such as images, materials, decay, interventions, etc., and linked to each feature, simplifies the management of construction by a unique and searchable archive. The advantage of the interoperability concept allows data sharing. For this reason, HBIM and CityGML can be considered the most suitable solutions for managing the information of the assets of existing buildings and historical centers on architectural and territorial scales.

Prof. Dr. Eva Savina Malinverni
Dr. Roberto Pierdicca
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • Geomatics remote sensors integration for heritage data acquisition 
  • HBIM data organization and management 
  • Interoperability of big data useful for heritage
  • Detail and accuracy in a HBIM 
  • Challenges in the HBIM use
  • Integration of multisource 3D Data
  • Semantic segmentation, classification, and ontology 
  • Scan-to-BIM pipeline

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
Integration of Laser Scanner and Photogrammetry for Heritage BIM Enhancement
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(5), 316; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10050316 - 08 May 2021
Viewed by 663
Abstract
Digital 3D capture and reliable reproduction of architectural features is the first and most difficult step towards defining a heritage BIM. Three-dimensional digital survey technologies, such as TLS and photogrammetry, enable experts to scan buildings with a new level of detail. Challenges in [...] Read more.
Digital 3D capture and reliable reproduction of architectural features is the first and most difficult step towards defining a heritage BIM. Three-dimensional digital survey technologies, such as TLS and photogrammetry, enable experts to scan buildings with a new level of detail. Challenges in the tracing of parametric objects in a TLS point cloud include the reconstruction of occluded parts, measurement of uncertainties relevant to surface reflectivity, and edge detection and location. In addition to image-based techniques being considered cost effective, highly flexible, and efficient in producing a high-quality 3D textured model, they also provide a better interpretation of surface linear characteristics. This article addresses an architecture survey workflow using photogrammetry and TLS to optimize a point cloud that is sufficient for a reliable HBIM. Fusion-based workflows were proposed during the recording of two heritage sites—the Matbouli House Museum in Historic Jeddah, a UNESCO World Heritage Site; and Asfan Castle. In the Matbouli House Museum building, which is rich with complex architectural features, multi-sensor recording was implemented at different resolutions and levels of detail. The TLS data were used to reconstruct the basic shape of the main structural elements, while the imagery’s superior radiometric data and accessibility were effectively used to enhance the TLS point clouds for improving the geometry, data interpretation, and parametric tracing of irregular objects in the facade. Furthermore, in the workflow that is considered to be the ragged terrain of the Castle of Asfan, here, the TLS point cloud was supplemented with UAV data in the upper building zones where the shadow data originated. Both datasets were registered using an ICP algorithm to scale the photogrammetric data and define their actual position in the construction system. The hybrid scans were imported and processed in the BIM environment. The building components were segmented and classified into regular and irregular surfaces, in order to perform detailed building information modeling of the architectural elements. The proposed workflows demonstrated an appropriate performance in terms of reliable and complete BIM mapping in the complex structures. Full article
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Article
A CityGML Multiscale Approach for the Conservation and Management of Cultural Heritage: The Case Study of the Old Town of Taranto (Italy)
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(7), 449; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9070449 - 17 Jul 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 972
Abstract
The aim of this article is to provide a dedicated approach to the realisation of a CityGML model for the valorisation and the conservation of existing cultural heritage. In particular, for the ancient city of Taranto (Italy), several levels of details (LODs) have [...] Read more.
The aim of this article is to provide a dedicated approach to the realisation of a CityGML model for the valorisation and the conservation of existing cultural heritage. In particular, for the ancient city of Taranto (Italy), several levels of details (LODs) have been built. CityGML models in LOD1 for the most representative periods were realised, which were characterised by urban changes from the mid-1800s until today. To achieve this aim, great importance was devoted to the process of integration of the different file formats. A geographic information system (GIS) approach has been put in place for the construction of the CityGML model in LOD1. In addition, the study also focused on the realisation of a CityGML model in LOD3 of a bridge of a particular historical and architectural interest, called “Ponte di Porta Napoli”, also situated in the city of Taranto. In the latter case, the CityGML model was realised starting from the geomatics survey. Therefore, the project structured in this way represents an important tool for the sharing of (georeferenced) territorial information. The CityGML models represent a valid support for spatial planning processes and measures for the protection, monitoring and conservation of urban elements. Full article
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