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Special Issue "Phosphate-Related Disorders: From Physiology to Diseases"

A special issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ISSN 1422-0067). This special issue belongs to the section "Molecular Endocrinology and Metabolism".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Fabio Vescini
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Unit of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, University-Hospital S. Maria Misericordia, Udine, Italy
Interests: osteoporosis; metabolic bone diseases; renal stone disease and mineral metabolism disorders, parathyroid diseases; thyroid diseases
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Andrea Palermo
E-Mail
Co-Guest Editor
Endocrinologia e Diabetologia, Università Campus Bio-Medico di Roma, Rome, Italy
Interests: PTH; hyperparathyroidism; hypoparathyroidism; calcium; phosphate; thyroid; diabetes
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Luigi Gennari
E-Mail Website
Co-Guest Editor
Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neurosciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
Interests: osteoporosis; metabolic bone diseases; Paget’s disease of bone; type 2 diabetes
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Alberto Falchetti
E-Mail Website
Co-Guest Editor
Centro Hercolani and Villa Alba (GVM), 40123 Bologna and EndOsMet, Villa Donatello Private Hospital, 50132 Florence, Italy
Interests: osteoporosis; metabolic bone diseases; parathyroid diseases; multiple endocrine neoplasia; genetic diseases of bone
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Iacopo Chiodini
E-Mail Website
Co-Guest Editor
Department of Medical Biotechnology and Translational Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
Unit for Bone Metabolism Diseases and Diabetes, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Milan, Italy
Interests: adrenal diseases; parathyroid diseases; osteoporosis; metabolic bone diseases; endocrine hypertension
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Phosphorus is essential for many fundamental functions in the human body, where it is present mainly as the anion phosphate (PO43–) that forms a variety of different salts, among which skeletal hydroxyapatite is the most abundant.

Phosphate is also a key structural element of DNA, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and cell membranes and is involved in several enzymatic reactions and protein functions.

Due to its importance, phosphate homeostasis is strictly controlled by parathyroid hormone (PTH) and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) through their actions on the kidney, intestine, and bone. Physicians frequently evaluate the so-called calcium/phosphate metabolism, but their main interest is usually focused on calcium, leaving the role of the “Cinderella-ion” to phosphate. Actually, since the discovery of FGF-23 in 2000, a higher attention has been paid to phosphate metabolism, and many phosphate-associated diseases have been discovered or rediscovered.

This Special Issue aims to present recent advances in the understanding of phosphate handling in the human body. We invite investigators to contribute original research articles and reviews on pathophysiologic processes, diagnosis, and treatments of phosphate-related disorders.

Dr. Fabio Vescini
Dr. Andrea Palermo
Prof. Dr. Luigi Gennari
Dr. Alberto Falchetti
Prof. Dr. Iacopo Chiodini
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Molecular Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. There is an Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal. For details about the APC please see here. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Hypophosphatemia
  • Hypophosphatemia
  • Metabolic Bone Disease
  • Tumor Induced Osteomalacia
  • Rickets
  • Genetics
  • Renal Stone Disease
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Iron Disorders
  • Endocrine Diseases
  • Drug-Induced Hypophosphatemia

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

Review
Extracellular Inorganic Phosphate-Induced Release of Reactive Oxygen Species: Roles in Physiological Processes and Disease Development
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(15), 7768; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22157768 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 411
Abstract
Inorganic phosphate (Pi) is an essential nutrient for living organisms and is maintained in equilibrium in the range of 0.8–1.4 mM Pi. Pi is a source of organic constituents for DNA, RNA, and phospholipids and is essential for ATP formation mainly through energy [...] Read more.
Inorganic phosphate (Pi) is an essential nutrient for living organisms and is maintained in equilibrium in the range of 0.8–1.4 mM Pi. Pi is a source of organic constituents for DNA, RNA, and phospholipids and is essential for ATP formation mainly through energy metabolism or cellular signalling modulators. In mitochondria isolated from the brain, liver, and heart, Pi has been shown to induce mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) release. Therefore, the purpose of this review article was to gather relevant experimental records of the production of Pi-induced reactive species, mainly ROS, to examine their essential roles in physiological processes, such as the development of bone and cartilage and the development of diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, muscle atrophy, and male reproductive system impairment. Interestingly, in the presence of different antioxidants or inhibitors of cytoplasmic and mitochondrial Pi transporters, Pi-induced ROS production can be reversed and may be a possible pharmacological target. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phosphate-Related Disorders: From Physiology to Diseases)
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