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Special Issue "Bioactive Molecules on Melanogenesis and Melanoma"

A special issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ISSN 1422-0067). This special issue belongs to the section "Bioactives and Nutraceuticals".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Gi-Young Kim
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea
Interests: phytochemicals; nutraceuticals; antioxidant; cell death; inflammation; melanogenesis; bone formation

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Melanin is produced by melanocytes distributed in the basal layer of the epidermis, which is a key element of the skin, hair, and eye color. Under normal physiological conditions, melanin exerts beneficially protective effects against harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation; however, excessive melanin production (hyperpigmentation) causes dermatological disorders such as freckles, age spots, and melisma. In these regards, many attempts to discover medicinal flavonoids, and their derivatives and analogues that inhibit melanin biogenesis (melanogenesis), have been made over several decades. In contrast, an acquired chronic depigmentation disorder such as vitiligo results in functional loss of melanocytes, which makes an individual more vulnerable to UV. In the regard, this Special Issue may cover specialized and interdisciplinary aspects of bioactive compounds regulating melanogenesis, pigmentary disorders and photoprotection in pigmentary cells including melanoma.

Prof. Gi-Young Kim
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Molecular Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

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Keywords

  • Natural product
  • Melanogenesis
  • Pigment cell
  • Melanoma
  • Melanin

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Novel Quercetin Derivative of 3,7-Dioleylquercetin Shows Less Toxicity and Highly Potent Tyrosinase Inhibition Activity
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(8), 4264; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22084264 - 20 Apr 2021
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Abstract
Quercetin is a well-known plant flavonol and antioxidant; however, there has been some debate regarding the efficacy and safety of native quercetin as a skin-whitening agent via tyrosinase inhibition. Several researchers have synthesized quercetin derivatives as low-toxicity antioxidants and whitening agents. However, no [...] Read more.
Quercetin is a well-known plant flavonol and antioxidant; however, there has been some debate regarding the efficacy and safety of native quercetin as a skin-whitening agent via tyrosinase inhibition. Several researchers have synthesized quercetin derivatives as low-toxicity antioxidants and whitening agents. However, no suitable quercetin derivatives have been reported to date. In this study, a novel quercetin derivative was synthesized by the SN2 reaction using quercetin and oleyl bromide. The relationship between the structures and activities of quercetin derivatives as anti-melanogenic agents was assessed using in vitro enzyme kinetics, molecular docking, and quenching studies; cell line experiments; and in vivo zebrafish model studies. Novel 3,7-dioleylquercetin (OQ) exhibited a low cytotoxic concentration level at >100 µg/mL (125 µM), which is five times less toxic than native quercetin. The inhibition mechanism showed that OQ is a competitive inhibitor, similar to native quercetin. Expression of tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TRP-1) and tyrosinase-related protein 2 (TRP-2), and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor was inhibited in B16F10 melanoma cell lines. mRNA transcription levels of tyrosinase, TRP-1, and TRP-2 decreased in a dose-dependent manner. Melanin formation was confirmed in the zebrafish model using quercetin derivatives. Therefore, OQ might be a valuable asset for the development of novel skin-whitening agents. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Molecules on Melanogenesis and Melanoma)
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Open AccessArticle
In Vitro Anticancer Potential of Jasione montana and Its Main Components against Human Amelanotic Melanoma Cells
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(7), 3345; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22073345 - 25 Mar 2021
Viewed by 378
Abstract
Jasione montana L. (Campanulaceae) is used in traditional Belarusian herbal medicine for sleep disorders in children, but the chemical composition and biological activity have not been investigated. In this study, the activities of J. montana extracts, their fractions and main compounds were evaluated [...] Read more.
Jasione montana L. (Campanulaceae) is used in traditional Belarusian herbal medicine for sleep disorders in children, but the chemical composition and biological activity have not been investigated. In this study, the activities of J. montana extracts, their fractions and main compounds were evaluated in amelanotic melanoma C32 (CRL-1585) cells and normal fibroblasts (PCS-201-012). The extracts and fractions were analyzed using liquid chromatography–photodiode array detection–electrospray ionization–mass spectrometry (LC–PDA–ESI–MS/TOF) to characterize 25 compounds. Further, three major and known constituents, luteolin (22) and its derivatives such as 7-O-glucoside (12) and 7-O-sambubioside (9) were isolated and identified. The cytotoxic activities against fibroblasts and the amelanotic melanoma cell line were determined using the fixable viability stain (FVS) assay. The influence of diethyl ether (Et2O) fraction (JM4) and 22 on apoptosis induction was investigated using an annexin V binding assay. The obtained results showed significant cytotoxicity of JM4 and 22 with IC50 values of 119.7 ± 3.2 and 95.1 ± 7.2 μg/mL, respectively. The proapoptotic potential after 22 treatment in the C32 human amelanotic melanoma cell line was comparable to that of vinblastine sulfate (VLB), detecting 29.2 ± 3.0% apoptotic cells. Moreover, 22 displayed less necrotic potential against melanoma cells than VLB. In addition, the influences of JM4 and 22 on the dysfunction of the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), cell cycle and activity of caspases 3, 8, 9, and 10 were established. The effects of JM4 on MMP change (74.5 ± 3.0% of the cells showed a reduced MMP) corresponded to the results obtained from the annexin V binding assay and activation of caspase-9. JM4 and 22 displayed a significant impact on caspase-9 (40.9 ± 2.4% of the cells contained active caspase-9 after JM4 treatment and 16.6 ± 0.8% after incubation with 22) and the intrinsic (mitochondrial) apoptotic pathway. Moreover, studies have shown that JM4 and 22 affect the activation of external apoptosis pathways by inducing the caspase-8 and caspase-10 cascades. Thus, activation of caspase-3 and DNA damage via external and internal apoptotic pathways were observed after treatment with JM4 and 22. The obtained results suggest that J. montana extracts could be developed as new topical preparations with potential anticancer properties due to their promising cytotoxic and proapoptotic potential. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Molecules on Melanogenesis and Melanoma)
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