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Special Issue "Neurotransmitters and Neuropeptides in the Modulation of the Carotid Body 2.0"

A special issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ISSN 1422-0067). This special issue belongs to the section "Biochemistry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Andrea Porzionato
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Section of Human Anatomy, Department of Neuroscience, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
Interests: neuroscience; neuroanatomy; peripheral arterial chemoreceptors; carotid body; neuropeptides; receptors; hyperoxia; hypoxia; plasticity; clinical anatom
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue will cover a selection of recent research topics and current review articles related to the role of neurotransmitters and neuropeptides in the carotid body function and plasticity, also with reference to its more recent translational implications. Up-to-date review articles, commentaries, and experimental papers are all welcome.

The carotid body is the main peripheral arterial chemoreceptor, sensitive to hypoxia, hypercapnia and reduction in pH, but also to inflammatory and metabolic factors. Its stimulation induces increases in ventilatory frequency and volume, through activation of the medullary respiratory centers and sympathoactivation. The carotid body is structurally composed of chemosensitive type I cells and supportive type II cells, the latter being also identified as stem cell precursors for type I cells. A large number of neurotransmitters and neuropeptides (with their receptors) have been identified in the carotid body; they are involved in the modulation of chemoreception and in plasticity responses of the carotid body to environmental factors such as hypoxia (continuous or intermittent), hyperoxia or inflammation. Accordingly, a role for the carotid body has been suggested in various clinical conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension, heart failure, obstructive sleep apnea, and sudden infant death syndrome.

Prof. Dr. Andrea Porzionato
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Molecular Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. There is an Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal. For details about the APC please see here. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • peripheral arterial chemoreceptors
  • oxygen homeostasis
  • neurotransmitters
  • neuropeptides
  • growth factors
  • receptors
  • hypoxia
  • development
  • plasticity

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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