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Special Issue "Molecular Mechanisms of Brain Repair and Restoration after Stroke"

A special issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ISSN 1422-0067). This special issue belongs to the section "Molecular Neurobiology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 1 July 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Valentina Arnao
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biomedicine, Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics (BiND), University of Palermo, Via Gaetano la Loggia n.1, 90129, Palermo, Italy
Interests: stroke; extrapiramidal syndromes; sex differences in neurological disorders

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Despite the results achieved by available reperfusion therapies, the outcomes after a stroke often remain poor. It has been observed that the restoration of pre-injury connections or the recruitment of new ones can encourage spontaneous functional recovery in days, weeks, or months. Neuroplasticity, as an intrinsic property of the brain in response to external and internal injuries and that allows functional and structural reorganization, is key to regeneration after injury. However, spontaneous recovery after a stroke is generally incomplete and depends on the ability of the brain to reestablish the structural and functional organization of neurovascular networks. It has been observed that not only are neurons actively involved in this process, but so are astrocytes, microglia, and cerebrovascular cells/cerebral vessels. Post-stroke neuroangiogenesis properties, such as inflammation, have been recognized as a compensatory mechanism to repair the damage caused by a stroke.

This Special Issue of the International Journal of Molecular Sciences aims to provide news regarding the mechanisms of brain restoration after a stroke. A better knowledge of brain repair mechanisms is essential to enhance said mechanisms and to improve the functional outcome of a patient after a stroke. Moreover, neuroplasticity could be maladaptive when resulting in negative effects such as loss of function. The information on the neurobiology of brain restoration may help to develop new therapies that enhance brain recovery after a stroke and that reduce maladaptive effects. Submissions highlighting each of these topics are welcome.

Dr. Valentina Arnao
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Molecular Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. There is an Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal. For details about the APC please see here. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Stroke
  • Brain repair
  • Restoration
  • Neuroplasticity
  • Rehabilitation after stroke
  • Inflammation
  • Neuroangiogenesis

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

Open AccessReview
Biomarkers of Angiogenesis and Neuroplasticity as Promising Clinical Tools for Stroke Recovery Evaluation
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(8), 3949; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22083949 - 11 Apr 2021
Viewed by 361
Abstract
Several key issues impact the clinical practice of stroke rehabilitation including a patient’s medical history, stroke experience, the potential for recovery, and the selection of the most effective type of therapy. Until clinicians have answers to these concerns, the treatment and rehabilitation are [...] Read more.
Several key issues impact the clinical practice of stroke rehabilitation including a patient’s medical history, stroke experience, the potential for recovery, and the selection of the most effective type of therapy. Until clinicians have answers to these concerns, the treatment and rehabilitation are rather intuitive, with standard procedures carried out based on subjective estimations using clinical scales. Therefore, there is a need to find biomarkers that could predict brain recovery potential in stroke patients. This review aims to present the current state-of-the-art stroke recovery biomarkers that could be used in clinical practice. The revision of biochemical biomarkers has been developed based on stroke recovery processes: angiogenesis and neuroplasticity. This paper provides an overview of the biomarkers that are considered to be ready-to-use in clinical practice and others, considered as future tools. Furthermore, this review shows the utility of biomarkers in the development of the concept of personalized medicine. Enhancing brain neuroplasticity and rehabilitation facilitation are crucial concerns not only after stroke, but in all central nervous system diseases. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Mechanisms of Brain Repair and Restoration after Stroke)
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