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Special Issue "Development and Applications of Advanced Carbon Materials"

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Carbon Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2021).

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Agustín Francisco Pérez-Cadenas
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Interests: carbon materials; carbon metal composites; carbon gels; photo-catalysis; electro-catalysis; catalytic combustion; hydrogenation reactions; advanced oxidation processes
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. María Pérez-Cadenas
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Inorganic and Technical Chemistry, Science Faculty, UNED, Paseo Senda del Rey 9, ES28040 Madrid, Spain
Interests: carbon materials; carbon gels; heterogeneous catalysis; nanotechnology; xps spectroscopy; material characterization; nanomaterials; adsorption; surface characterization
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Esther Bailón-García
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Interests: carbon materials; photocatalysis; energy storage; CO2 conversion; carbon composites, 3D-printing; electrocatalysis

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Nowadays, advanced carbon materials represent one of the most interesting classes of materials due to their potential and current applications in electronic devices and electrodes, high-performance coatings, as well as heterogeneous catalysts, catalyst support, or electro-catalysts. They can be synthetized from different raw materials with high purity; they can be doped with other atoms and can even be incorporated into innovative carbon-based composites or be printed as inks or included in/on monolithic structures. Their textural and chemical characteristics can be tuned with subtle modifications of the synthesis experimental conditions depending on the specific application required. In addition to graphene or carbon quantum dots, carbon gels, carbon nanotubes, nanohorns, nanofibers, fullerenes, and carbon-based composites can be considered advanced carbon materials when they are synthetized and/or functionalized specifically for a target application.

This Special Issue will deal with the recent development of advanced carbon materials and their design, preparation, and/or applications. Synthesis procedures, characterization techniques, and applications for these fascinating materials will be covered, and novel insights may be presented. 

It is our pleasure to invite you to submit a manuscript for this Special Issue. Full papers, short communications, and reviews are welcome.

Prof. Dr. Agustín Francisco Pérez-Cadenas
Dr. María Pérez-Cadenas
Dr. Esther Bailón-García
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • advanced carbon materials
  • carbon gels
  • carbon nanotubes
  • carbon quantum dots
  • graphene
  • carbon-based monoliths
  • carbon-based composites
  • carbon-based electrodes
  • carbon-based catalysts
  • doped carbon materials

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Article
Modified Mesoporous Carbon Material (Pb-N-CMK-3) Obtained by a Hard-Templating Route, Dicyandiamide Impregnation and Electrochemical Lead Particles Deposition as an Electrode Material for the U(VI) Ultratrace Determination
Materials 2021, 14(21), 6490; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ma14216490 - 29 Oct 2021
Viewed by 279
Abstract
In this paper, a dicyandiamide-impregnated mesoporous carbon (N-CMK-3), electrochemically modified in situ with lead film (Pb-N-CMK-3), was tested as an electrode material for U(VI) ultratrace determination. The prepared carbon material was characterized by XRD, SEM-EDX, Raman, FT-IR, XPS analysis and nitrogen sorption measurements. [...] Read more.
In this paper, a dicyandiamide-impregnated mesoporous carbon (N-CMK-3), electrochemically modified in situ with lead film (Pb-N-CMK-3), was tested as an electrode material for U(VI) ultratrace determination. The prepared carbon material was characterized by XRD, SEM-EDX, Raman, FT-IR, XPS analysis and nitrogen sorption measurements. The changes of electrochemical properties of glassy carbon electrodes (GCE) after the N-CMK-3 and Pb-N-CMK-3 modification were studied using CV and EIS methods. The modification of the GCE surface by the N-CMK-3 material and Pb film increases the electroactive area of the electrode and decreases the charge transfer residence and is likely responsible for the electrochemical improvement of the U(VI) analytical signal. Using square-wave adsorptive stripping voltammetry (SWAdSV), two linear calibration ranges extending from 0.05 to 1.0 nM and from 1.0 to 10.0 nM were observed, coupled with the detection and quantification limits of 0.014 and 0.047 nM, respectively. The Pb-N-CMK-3/GCE was successfully applied for U(VI) determination in reference materials (estuarine water SLEW-3 and trace elements in natural water SRM 1640a). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development and Applications of Advanced Carbon Materials)
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Article
Synthesis of Magnetic Adsorbents Based Carbon Highly Efficient and Stable for Use in the Removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) in Aqueous Solution
Materials 2021, 14(20), 6134; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ma14206134 - 15 Oct 2021
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Abstract
In this study, two alternative synthesis routes for magnetic adsorbents were evaluated to remove Pb(II) and Cd(II) in an aqueous solution. First, activated carbon was prepared from argan shells (C). One portion was doped with magnetite (Fe3O4 [...] Read more.
In this study, two alternative synthesis routes for magnetic adsorbents were evaluated to remove Pb(II) and Cd(II) in an aqueous solution. First, activated carbon was prepared from argan shells (C). One portion was doped with magnetite (Fe3O4+C) and the other with cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4+C). Characterization studies showed that C has a high surface area (1635 m2 g−1) due to the development of microporosity. For Fe3O4+C the magnetic particles were nano-sized and penetrated the material’s texture, saturating the micropores. In contrast, CoFe2O4+C conserves the mesoporosity developed because most of the cobalt ferrite particles adhered to the exposed surface of the material. The adsorption capacity for Pb(II) was 389 mg g−1 (1.88 mmol g−1) and 249 mg g−1 (1.20 mmol g−1); while for Cd(II) was 269 mg g−1 (2.39 mmol g−1) and 264 mg g−1 (2.35 mmol g−1) for the Fe3O4+C and CoFe2O4+C, respectively. The predominant adsorption mechanism is the interaction between -FeOH groups with the cations in the solution, which are the main reason these adsorption capacities remain high in repeated adsorption cycles after regeneration with HNO3. The results obtained are superior to studies previously reported in the literature, making these new materials a promising alternative for large-scale wastewater treatment processes using batch-type reactors. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development and Applications of Advanced Carbon Materials)
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Article
Design of Self-Supported Flexible Nanostars [email protected] Carbon Xerogel-Modified Electrode for Methanol Oxidation
Materials 2021, 14(18), 5271; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ma14185271 - 13 Sep 2021
Viewed by 488
Abstract
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have emerged as promising electrodes materials for the methanol oxidation reaction. Here, we report on the preparation of different LDHs with the hydrothermal process. The effect of the divalent cation (i.e., Ni, Co, and Zn) on the electrochemical performance [...] Read more.
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have emerged as promising electrodes materials for the methanol oxidation reaction. Here, we report on the preparation of different LDHs with the hydrothermal process. The effect of the divalent cation (i.e., Ni, Co, and Zn) on the electrochemical performance of methanol oxidation was investigated. Moreover, nanocomposites of LDHs and carbon xerogels (CX) supported on nickel foam (NF) substrate were prepared to investigate the role of carbon xerogel. The results show that NiFe-LDH/CX/NF is an efficient electrocatalyst for methanol oxidation with a current density that reaches 400 mA·m−2 compared to 250 and 90 mA·cm−2 for NiFe-LDH/NF and NF, respectively. In addition, all LDH/CX/NF nanocomposites show excellent stability for methanol oxidation. A clear relationship is observed between the electrodes crystallite size and their activity to methanol oxidation. The smaller the crystallite size, the higher the current density delivered. Additionally, the presence of carbon xerogel in the nanocomposites offer 3D interconnected micro/mesopores, which facilitate both mass and electron transport. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development and Applications of Advanced Carbon Materials)
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Article
Study of the Interaction of an Iron Phthalocyanine Complex over Surface Modified Carbon Nanotubes
Materials 2021, 14(15), 4067; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ma14154067 - 21 Jul 2021
Viewed by 507
Abstract
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) were prepared by a modified chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. The synthesized carbon materials were treated with acidic and basic solutions in order to introduce certain surface functional groups, mainly containing oxygen (OCNT) or amine (ACNT) species. These modified CNTs [...] Read more.
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) were prepared by a modified chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. The synthesized carbon materials were treated with acidic and basic solutions in order to introduce certain surface functional groups, mainly containing oxygen (OCNT) or amine (ACNT) species. These modified CNTs (OCNT and ACNT) as well as the originally prepared CNT were reacted with a non-ionic Fe complex, Iron (II) Phthalocyanine, and three composites were obtained. The amount of metal complex introduced in each case and the interaction between the complex and the CNT materials were studied with the aid of various characterization techniques such as TGA, XRD, and XPS. The results obtained in these experiments all indicated that the interaction between the complex and the CNT was greatly affected by the functionalization of the latter. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development and Applications of Advanced Carbon Materials)
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