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Special Issue "Echinococcosis"

A special issue of Parasitologia (ISSN 2673-6772).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 January 2022.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Maria Victoria Periago
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técninas (CONICET), Fundación Mundo Sano, Buenos Aires C1127AAR, Argentina
Interests: epidemiology and control of soil-transmitted helminths (STH); STH diagnostics; control and prevention of echinococcosis

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Echinococcosis is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) that affects more than 1 million people living with this disease at one time, manifested mostly as cystic or alveolar echinococcosis (CE or AE, respectively). Many of these individuals will develop severe clinical syndromes, which are life-threatening if left untreated, and there are an estimated 19,300 deaths and around 871,000 disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) globally each year. As this is a zoonotic disease, there are also costs associated with cystic echinococcosis that are estimated to be US$ 3 billion for treatment and losses to the livestock industry (1). The World Health Organization´s response to this disease aims at strengthening control and prevention through the creation of an Informal Working Group on Echinococcosis (WHO-IWGE), in collaboration with strategic partners and relevant sectors (2). Therefore, the aim of the Special Issue is to gather studies that could help with the different aspects of the disease that need to be further developed, according to the new roadmap for NTDs 2020–2030 (3), namely:

  • Diagnosis and associated clinical management of echinococcosis for the elaboration of technical manuals with practical applicability;
  • Collection and mapping of epidemiological data in order to detect risk areas, establish priorities, and monitor progress and evaluate outcomes;
  • Control measures taking dogs and livestock into consideration as part of a One Health approach (including innovative treatment and vaccines).

Submitted works could focus specifically on one of these aspects, or can describe control and prevention programs that take all of these aspects into consideration.   

1) WHO webpage. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/echinococcosis. Accessed on February 9th 2021.

2) WHO, 2017. Meeting of the WHO Informal Working Group on Echinococcosis (WHO-IWGE), Geneva, Switzerland, 15–16 December 2016. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2017 (WHO/HTM/NTD/NZD/2017.01).

3) WHO 2021. Ending the neglect to attain the Sustainable Development Goals: a roadmap for neglected tropical diseases 2021-2030. Overview. Geneva, Switzeerland: World Health Organization 2020 (WHO/UCN/NTD/2020.01).

Dr. Maria Victoria Periago
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Parasitologia is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • cystic and alveolar echinococcosis
  • diagnosis
  • clinical management
  • epidemiological data
  • One Health
  • treatment
  • vaccines

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
The Diagnosis, Treatment, Surveillance and Control of Cystic Echinococcosis in the Province of Rio Negro: The “One-Health” Model
Parasitologia 2021, 1(4), 177-187; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/parasitologia1040019 (registering DOI) - 23 Sep 2021
Viewed by 171
Abstract
Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) is an endemo-epidemic disease in the Rio Negro Province, República Argentina. Due to the number of cases, the length of hospital stays after surgery and its associated mortality, it is a serious public health problem that generates high costs for [...] Read more.
Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) is an endemo-epidemic disease in the Rio Negro Province, República Argentina. Due to the number of cases, the length of hospital stays after surgery and its associated mortality, it is a serious public health problem that generates high costs for the health system. Oriented towards its control, primary prevention activities have been carried out since 1980, based on the deworming of dogs and the vaccination of lambs; secondary prevention has consisted in the actively search for cases through serological or ultrasonographic screening; and tertiary prevention has been based on timely treatment, either by surgery or by medical treatment with albendazole. All these prevention activities have been carried out under the concept and strategies of the “One Health” model, through both inter-institutional and interdisciplinary work, as well as with the support, commitment and critical participation of the community. As a result, an important drop has been observed in the prevalence of CE in humans and in its lethality (0.5% in 1997–2020, no deaths in the last two years); moreover, an important decrease has been observed in costs to the health system, due to the reduction of hospitalizations and the number of surgeries. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Echinococcosis)
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Article
Micro-Epidemiological Investigation of Echinococcus multilocularis in Wild Hosts from an Endemic Area of Southwestern Hungary
Parasitologia 2021, 1(3), 158-167; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/parasitologia1030017 - 01 Sep 2021
Viewed by 335
Abstract
Echinococcus multilocularis is a tapeworm causing severe zoonotic disease in temperate Europe. Between 2018 and 2020, 68 golden jackals and 94 red foxes were investigated to determine the prevalence of E. multilocularis infection and its driving factors. The overall prevalence (golden jackal: 41.2%; [...] Read more.
Echinococcus multilocularis is a tapeworm causing severe zoonotic disease in temperate Europe. Between 2018 and 2020, 68 golden jackals and 94 red foxes were investigated to determine the prevalence of E. multilocularis infection and its driving factors. The overall prevalence (golden jackal: 41.2%; red fox: 12.5%) significantly differed, whereas the mean intensities did not. The spatial scan statistics revealed three significant clusters of E. multilocularis infection. The binary logistic and ordinal regression results revealed that the golden jackal is more likely to become infected than the red fox, and the probability of infection level was also higher in jackals. Our findings highlight the golden jackal’s role, which could be as important as the red fox in the spread of this severe zoonotic agent. This micro-epidemiological approach can advance the knowledge on local drivers which facilitate the spread of E. multilocularis and could cause a relevant public health problem on the continent. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Echinococcosis)
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