Special Issue "Trends and Prospects in High Energy Physics"

A special issue of Physics (ISSN 2624-8174). This special issue belongs to the section "High Energy Physics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2019).

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Edward Sarkisyan-Grinbaum
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. Experimental Physics Department, CERN, 1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland
2. Department of Physics, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
Interests: high-energy physics (in particular, multihadron production, quantum chromodynamics, and physics beyond the Standard Model); astroparticle physics; gravitation; cosmology; complex systems and critical phenomena; probability and statistics
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Igor M. Dremin
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Theory Department, Lebedev Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 117924 Moscow, Russia
Interests: hadron interactions; multiparticle production; cosmic-ray physics; fractals; quantum chromodynamics; phase transitions; heavy quarkonia spectroscopy; low-x physics; wavelet analysis and its applications; pattern recognition
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Zurab Berezhiani
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. Dipartimento di Fisica e Chimica, Università di L’Aquila, 67010 Coppito AQ, Italy
2. INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, 67010 Assergi AQ, Italy
Interests: particle physics; cosmology
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

High-energy physics covers a wide area of modern physics. This includes particle and nuclear physics, astroparticle physics, cosmic rays, cosmology, and astrophysics. Studies in high-energy particle physics attract great interest; modern experiments such as those at LHC at CERN, and neutrino experiments, investigate the micro world to understand the basics of nature, to distinguish among existing theories, and to discover new features and new particles. Heavy-ion studies aim to investigate new states of matter and provide links between particle physics and astrophysics. Investigations into astroparticle physics, cosmic rays, and cosmology represent a broad range of studies, from investigations of particle creation to the creation of the universe.

We invite original research articles and reviews on the above-described topics to contribute to this Special Issue.

Prof. Dr. Edward Sarkisyan-Grinbaum
Prof. Igor M. Dremin
Prof. Zurab Berezhiani
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Physics is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Articles with original results are most welcome, as are contributions of a review type of earlier publications or widely extended versions of the latter completed with new results and/or extensively updated.  

Keywords

  • high-energy physics
  • particle physics
  • neutrino physics
  • astrophysics
  • heavy-ion physics
  • astroparticle physics
  • cosmology
  • cosmic rays

Published Papers (9 papers)

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Research

Article
On the Neutron Transition Magnetic Moment
Physics 2019, 1(2), 271-289; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics1020021 - 13 Aug 2019
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1634
Abstract
We discuss the possibility of the transition magnetic moments (TMM) between the neutron n and its hypothetical sterile twin “mirror neutron” n from a parallel particle “mirror” sector. The neutron can be spontaneously converted into mirror neutron via the TMM (in addition [...] Read more.
We discuss the possibility of the transition magnetic moments (TMM) between the neutron n and its hypothetical sterile twin “mirror neutron” n from a parallel particle “mirror” sector. The neutron can be spontaneously converted into mirror neutron via the TMM (in addition to the more conventional transformation channel due to nn mass mixing) interacting with the magnetic field B as well as with mirror magnetic field B. We derive analytic formulae for the average probability of nn conversion and consider possible experimental manifestations of neutron TMM effects. In particular, we discuss the potential role of these effects in the neutron lifetime measurement experiments leading to new, testable predictions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends and Prospects in High Energy Physics)
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Article
Abramovsky—Gribov—Kancheli Theorem in the Physics of Black Holes
Physics 2019, 1(2), 253-270; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics1020020 - 01 Aug 2019
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1373
Abstract
The proof of the Abramovsky—Gribov—Kancheli (AGK) theorem for black hole physics is given. Based on the AGK relations, a formula for the luminosity of a black hole as a function of the mass of the black hole is derived. The correspondence to experimental [...] Read more.
The proof of the Abramovsky—Gribov—Kancheli (AGK) theorem for black hole physics is given. Based on the AGK relations, a formula for the luminosity of a black hole as a function of the mass of the black hole is derived. The correspondence to experimental data is considered. It is shown that the black holes of the galaxies NGC3842 and NGC4889 do not differ from those of the other galaxies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends and Prospects in High Energy Physics)
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Article
Magnetic Field in Nuclear Collisions at Ultra High Energies
Physics 2019, 1(2), 183-193; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics1020017 - 02 Jul 2019
Viewed by 1253
Abstract
The magnetic field created in proton–proton and nucleus–nucleus collisions at ultra-high energies are studied with models of point-like charges and hard sphere for distribution of the constituents for vacuum conditions. The various beam ions are considered from light to heavy nuclei at energies [...] Read more.
The magnetic field created in proton–proton and nucleus–nucleus collisions at ultra-high energies are studied with models of point-like charges and hard sphere for distribution of the constituents for vacuum conditions. The various beam ions are considered from light to heavy nuclei at energies corresponding to the nominal energies of the proton beam within the projects of further accelerator facilities high-energy Large Hadron Collider (HE-LHC) and Future Circular Collider (FCC). The magnetic-field strength immediately after collisions reaches the value tens of GeV 2 , while in the approach with point-like charges, some overestimate the amplitude of the field in comparison with more realistic hard-sphere model. The absolute value of the magnetic field rapidly decreases with time and increases with growth of atomic number. The amplitude for e B is estimated at level 100 GeV 2 to provide magnitude for quark–quark collisions at energies corresponding to the nominal energies of proton beams. These estimations are close to the range for onset of W boson condensation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends and Prospects in High Energy Physics)
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Article
Super-Higgs in Superspace
Physics 2019, 1(1), 167-182; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics1010016 - 14 Jun 2019
Viewed by 1128
Abstract
We determine the effective gravitational couplings in superspace whose components reproduce the supergravity Higgs effect for the constrained Goldstino multiplet. It reproduces the known Gravitino sector while constraining the off-shell completion. We show that these couplings arise by computing them as quantum corrections. [...] Read more.
We determine the effective gravitational couplings in superspace whose components reproduce the supergravity Higgs effect for the constrained Goldstino multiplet. It reproduces the known Gravitino sector while constraining the off-shell completion. We show that these couplings arise by computing them as quantum corrections. This may be useful for phenomenological studies and model-building. We give an example of its application to multiple Goldstini. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends and Prospects in High Energy Physics)
Article
Fractal Structure in Gauge Fields
Physics 2019, 1(1), 103-110; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics1010011 - 21 May 2019
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1948
Abstract
In this work, we investigate fractal properties in Yang–Mills fields, in particular their Hausdorff fractal dimension. Fractal properties of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) have been suggested as the origin of power-law distributions in high energy collisions, as well as of non-extensive properties that have [...] Read more.
In this work, we investigate fractal properties in Yang–Mills fields, in particular their Hausdorff fractal dimension. Fractal properties of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) have been suggested as the origin of power-law distributions in high energy collisions, as well as of non-extensive properties that have been observed experimentally. The fractal dimension obtained here can be calculated directly from the properties of the field theory. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends and Prospects in High Energy Physics)
Article
Probing Trans-Electroweak First Order Phase Transitions from Gravitational Waves
Physics 2019, 1(1), 92-102; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics1010010 - 15 May 2019
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 1794
Abstract
We propose direct tests of very high energy first-order phase transitions, which are elusive to collider physics, deploying the gravitational waves’ measurements. We show that first-order phase transitions lying in a large window of critical temperatures, which is considerably larger than the electroweak [...] Read more.
We propose direct tests of very high energy first-order phase transitions, which are elusive to collider physics, deploying the gravitational waves’ measurements. We show that first-order phase transitions lying in a large window of critical temperatures, which is considerably larger than the electroweak energy scale, can be tested from advanced LIGO (aLIGO) and the Einstein Telescope. This provides the possibility to probe several inflationary mechanisms ending with the inflaton in a false minimum and high-energy first order phase transitions that are due to new scalar bosons, beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. As an important example, we consider the axion monodromy inflationary scenario and analyze the potential for its experimental verification, deploying the gravitational wave interferometers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends and Prospects in High Energy Physics)
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Article
Signatures of New Physics Versus the Ridge Phenomenon in Hadron–Hadron Collisions at the LHC
Physics 2019, 1(1), 84-91; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics1010009 - 02 May 2019
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1978
Abstract
In this paper, we consider the possibility that a new stage of matter stemming from hidden/dark sectors beyond the Standard Model, to be formed in pp collisions at the LHC (Large Hadron Collider), can significantly modify the correlations among final-state particles. In [...] Read more.
In this paper, we consider the possibility that a new stage of matter stemming from hidden/dark sectors beyond the Standard Model, to be formed in p p collisions at the LHC (Large Hadron Collider), can significantly modify the correlations among final-state particles. In particular, two-particle azimuthal correlations are studied by means of a Fourier series sensitive to the near-side ridge effect while assuming that hidden/dark particles decay on top of the conventional parton shower. Then, new (fractional) harmonic terms should be included in the Fourier analysis of the azimuthal anisotropies, encoding the hypothetical new physics contribution and enabling its detection in a complementary way to other signatures. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends and Prospects in High Energy Physics)
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Article
The Bose-Einstein Correlations and the Strong Coupling Constant at Low Energies
Physics 2019, 1(1), 59-66; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics1010006 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 1400
Abstract
It is shown that αs(E), the strong coupling constant, can be determined in the non-perturbative regime from Bose-Einstein correlations (BEC). The obtained αs(E), where E is the energy of the hadron in the [...] Read more.
It is shown that α s ( E ) , the strong coupling constant, can be determined in the non-perturbative regime from Bose-Einstein correlations (BEC). The obtained α s ( E ) , where E is the energy of the hadron in the center of mass reference frame of the di-hadron pair, is in agreement with the prescriptions dealt with in the Analytic Perturbative Theory approach. It also extrapolates smoothly to the standard perturbative α s ( E ) at higher energies. Our results indicate that BEC dimension can be considered as an alternative approach to the short-range correlations between hadrons. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends and Prospects in High Energy Physics)
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Article
Cul-De-Sac of the Spatial Image of Proton Interactions
Physics 2019, 1(1), 33-39; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/physics1010004 - 30 Jan 2019
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1700
Abstract
The unitarity condition in the impact parameter space is used to obtain some information about the shape of the interaction region of colliding protons. It is shown that, strictly speaking, a reliable conclusion can be gained only if the behavior of the elastic [...] Read more.
The unitarity condition in the impact parameter space is used to obtain some information about the shape of the interaction region of colliding protons. It is shown that, strictly speaking, a reliable conclusion can be gained only if the behavior of the elastic scattering amplitude (especially, its imaginary part) at all transferred momenta is known. This information is currently impossible to obtain from experimentation. In practice, several assumptions and models are used. They lead to different results as shown below. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends and Prospects in High Energy Physics)
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