Special Issue "Safety and Occupational Goal Conflicts: Cause and Effect of Work-Safety Tension on Safety-Related Risky Decision Making"
A special issue of Safety (ISSN 2313-576X).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2021.
Submit your paper and select the Journal “Safety” and the Special Issue “Safety and Occupational Goal Conflicts: Cause and Effect of Work-Safety Tension on Safety-Related Risky Decision Making” via: https://susy.mdpi.com/user/manuscripts/upload/dceed4dddcd5d4c41f85ee01f2a34029?journal=safety. Please contact the guest editor or the journal editor ([email protected]) for any queries.
Interests: skill acquisition and retention in high reliability organizations; human factors and safety management; organizational learning and forgetting; assistive MR technologies for spatially dispersed teams
Interests: human factors; simulator training; virtual reality; interdisciplinary knowledge mobilization; user-centered design; organizational safety; maritime
The idea of this Special Issue is to discuss and review the theory (e.g., in terms of reviews) and empirical evidence investigating the complex interplay between the person and the situation, which might lead to rule violations and unsafe acts.
In order to ensure safe behavior, organizations implement rules, which are intended to lead to safe acts. It is implicitly assumed that adherence to all safety-related rules leads to an accident-free environment, whilst deviations from established rules contributes to accidents within a system. However, workers often feel the burden of the overspecification of rules and overregulation, with consequences or rules that fail to align with accomplishing their work tasks, meaning that it is assumed impossible to adhere to all rules and still get the job done. This is also called the work–safety tension, or the productivity versus safety dilemma. Other reasons may be attributed to experience or gender stereotype-based overconfidence, the desire to appear “macho” or fit into work culture expectations and roles.
This Special Issue invites contributions addressing work–safety tension, which may lead to risky decision making in terms of rule violations, unsafe acts, as well as further reasons to violate safety-related rules. In contrast to human error, only recently have various works examined so-called procedural violations and unsafe acts in a targeted manner. Nevertheless, rule violations as objects of investigation and discussion are still confined to the shadows. With regard to risk-taking behavior, in this narrow field of existing work, little to no attention has been paid to the aspect of socialization in the context of safety-related decisions at work. Analyses of various accidents in the last few years point, however, to the relevance of rule violations in relation to accidents and incidents, which can cause considerable damage to people, companies and the environment.
We welcome papers that address aspects of:
- person-related variables, e.g., personality, motivation, attitudes, decision-making strategies;
- situation-related variables, e.g., types of rules, perceived production and time pressure, leadership aspects, safety climate, the implementation of audits and feedback;
- HR and performance management strategies that lead to unintended unsafe behavior.
The challenges of changing risk-related attitudes should also be examined in the broader context of risk propensity, taking into account the values conveyed by gender stereotypes.
This Special Issue will focus not only on the emergence of rule violations in organizational contexts, but also countermeasures. We will focus on the question of how one can prevent rule violations or counter them on individual, team and organizational levels, as well as a guide on how to address risk-related stereotypes.
Prof. Dr. Annette Kluge
Prof. Dr. Steven Mallam
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Safety is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- safety-related rules
- rule violations
- risky decision making
- experienced dilemmas
- work safety tension
- gender stereotypes
- organizational safety
- safety climate and culture
- HR practices
- performance management
- behavior-based safety management
- high reliability organizations, e.g., civil and military aviation, process industry, maritime industry, transport, healthcare, construction
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Unintended Detrimental Effects of the Combination of Several Safety Measures—Why More is Not Always More Effective
Authors: Sebastian Brandhorst; Annette Kluge
Affiliation: Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
Abstract: To ensure safety-related behavior in risky operations, several safety measures such as safety related rules and safety management systems including audits, rewards and communication, are implemented. Looking at each single measure, it is reasonable to assume that each one leads to rule compliance, but how do they interact? In an experimental study we varied the 1) salience of either safety, productivity or both goals, the 2) reward of the compliance and punishment of a violation, 3) the communication of audit results (results or process based) and the 4) gain and loss framing of performance indicators. In a 3 x 2 x 2 x 2 factorial between group design, 497 engineering students in the role of control room Operator participated in a 5-hour simulation of a production year of a chemical plant. Looking at single effects, salient safety goals lead to a low number of rule violations compared to the salience of production goals. Interestingly, the interaction of several measures showed that particular combinations of measures were highly detrimental to safety, although altogether they were assumed to reduce risks. For practice, this means that the effects of safety measures depend on their particular combination- and can also lead to unwanted effects.