Special Issue "Marine Ecosystems Responses and Sustainability in a Changing Climate"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Air, Climate Change and Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 October 2021).

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Irene D. Alabia
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University, N21 W11, Sapporo City 001-0021, Hokkaido, Japan
Interests: marine ecology; fisheries and satellite oceanography; climate change ecology
Prof. Dr. Yang Liu
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Marine Fisheries Department, College of Fisheries, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China
Interests: marine remote sensing; marine GIS; fishery resources; climate change; suitable index model

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Marine ecosystems provide a multitude of ecological benefits and economic services to human. Nonetheless, these systems are increasingly being exposed to a broad spectrum of natural and anthropogenic influences, eliciting ecological responses often manifested in terms of changes in the marine biodiversity, species distribution and abundance, as well as variability in environmental conditions, marine production, and trophic energy transfer. Over the past and recent decades, human-induced threats including global warming, hypoxia, ocean acidification, eutrophication, marine habitat loss, biodiversity decline, and resource overexploitation have posed serious risks on the sustainability and capability of vulnerable marine ecosystems to maintain their integrity and functioning. Further, these threats are expected to exacerbate in the foreseeable future and, thus, underpin the need to further improve our understanding of how natural variability and anthropogenic threats will impact the various biogeochemical processes in the ocean which, in turn, could modify the marine ecosystem structure and function. Henceforth, by doing so, we can assist the ongoing and future efforts toward developing and improving scientific-informed and data-driven approaches of controlling/mitigating the marine ecological effects of multiple environmental and climate stressors.

For this Special Issue, we cordially invite papers focusing/working on the following research subjects/topics:

(1) Environmental and climate drivers of marine ecosystem variability;

(2) Observation- and model-based studies of environmental- and climate-induced changes in the distribution of marine taxa across local, regional, and global scales; and

(3) Contemporary and future states and responses of marine ecosystems to multiple stressors, drawing out ecological implications relevant to conservation planning and sustainable ocean resource management

Dr. Irene Alabia
Prof. Yang Liu
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

marine environmental and climate change responses; marine resource sustainability; natural and anthropogenic environmental threats; marine species distributions

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Environmental Habitat Mapping of Green Mussel: A GIS-Based Approach for Sustainable Aquaculture in the Inner Gulf of Thailand
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10643; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su122410643 - 19 Dec 2020
Viewed by 707
Abstract
The green mussel (Perna viridis) is one of the most commercially-important cultured species along the coast of Thailand. In this study, a suitable aquaculture site-selection model (SASSM) was developed to identify the most suitable areas in the inner part of the [...] Read more.
The green mussel (Perna viridis) is one of the most commercially-important cultured species along the coast of Thailand. In this study, a suitable aquaculture site-selection model (SASSM) was developed to identify the most suitable areas in the inner part of the Gulf of Thailand (InnerGoT) for green mussel culture. Satellite-derived chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) and hydrodynamic model outputs for sea surface temperature (SST), salinity, maximum water current (MWC), and bathymetry between 2018 and 2019 were used as input to the SASSM. The results show that suitability scores in mussel aquaculture areas were lowest (1–3) during the Southwest (SW) monsoon, rainy season (July–August), and highest (6–7) during the Northeast (NE) monsoon, cold season (November–December). Moderate suitability scores (4–5) were obtained during the monsoon transition from the NE monsoon to the SW monsoon, summer (April–May). The study area was further divided into three zones: the western, central, and eastern regions. The western and eastern parts showed high suitability scores (5–7) while the central zone exhibited low suitability scores (2–4). The model results show a similar pattern to the actual mussel production in the study area. Seasonal events (i.e., flood and dry seasons) were incorporated into the model to examine the seasonal effects on the suitable mussel aquaculture areas. The suitability scores during the SW monsoon in 2018 were more sensitive to changes in SST and salinity relative to 2019. The higher freshwater discharge and lower temperature in 2018 relative to 2019 resulted in the accrual of suitable aquaculture areas. This pattern is consistent with the productions of the green mussel, where higher production was recorded in 2018 (2002.5 t) than in 2019 (410.8 t). However, correlations among atmospheric (air temperature, rainfall, and wind) and oceanographic factors (SST and MWC) were significant in the western and central regions, suggesting that the suitability of green mussel aquaculture in these regions is vulnerable to environmental disturbances. Thus, the SASSM can be a powerful tool in providing useful information on spatial management for marine aquaculture in environmentally-dynamic coastal systems. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Ecosystems Responses and Sustainability in a Changing Climate)
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