Special Issue "Sustainable Strategies and Approaches in Conservation of the Built Heritage"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Tourism, Culture, and Heritage".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Mariateresa Lettieri
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Guest Editor
CNR – SPIN (SuPerconducting and other INnovative materials and devices institute), c/o University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II 132, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italy
Interests: multifunctional coatings; nanomaterials; durability of polymers; sustainability in built and cultural heritage; eco-efficient materials for sustainable constructions; stone conservation; construction materials; anti-graffiti treatments; archaeometry
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Mariaenrica Frigione
Website
Guest Editor
Innovation Engineering Department, University of Salento, Prov.le Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy
Interests: cold-cured adhesives and matrices for FRP employed in constructions; polymeric nanostructured adhesives and coatings; hydrophobic coatings for stone conservation and wood protection; durability of polymers, adhesives and coatings; eco-efficient materials for construction and cultural heritage
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

With the increased incidence of restoration and conservation works on the built heritage, - especially monuments and historic buildings, perceived as a cultural value and potential tourist attractions - the sustainability of the interventions has become a key aspect in selecting the most appropriate solutions. In addition to the efficacy of the applied materials and procedures, the impact on environment, health risks for both workers and users, durability of the treatment, recurring maintenance activities, are all elements able to influence the sustainability of the overall process in terms of costs and success of intervention. Therefore, the implementation of innovative strategies and approaches is ever more necessary to optimize the conservation actions.

In this regard, this Special Issue intends to publish original research and review papers exploring sustainable procedures for cleaning, consolidation, and protection of building surfaces and structures. Contributions illustrating the evaluation of application methods, products, post-treatment monitoring and durability based on laboratory tests are welcome. The description of field trials, pilot sites and case studies are also encouraged.

Dr. Mariateresa Lettieri
Prof. Dr. Mariaenrica Frigione
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Conservation treatments
  • Eco-friendly materials
  • Surface cleaning
  • Consolidation
  • Hydrophobic treatments
  • Multifunctional coatings
  • Anti-graffiti measures
  • Monitoring
  • Durability
  • Cultural heritage
  • Sustainable solutions
  • Impact on environment

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Indoor Camping in Fortified Heritage Buildings: A New Way of Sustainable Tourism Valorization
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1215; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13031215 - 25 Jan 2021
Viewed by 359
Abstract
Indoor camping is an innovative, sustainable model of accommodation, the least intrusive one in solid facilities. Its temporary tourism function demands almost no additional construction work, meaning no permanent modification of space is needed for tourism purposes. Fortifications and defence buildings are recognised [...] Read more.
Indoor camping is an innovative, sustainable model of accommodation, the least intrusive one in solid facilities. Its temporary tourism function demands almost no additional construction work, meaning no permanent modification of space is needed for tourism purposes. Fortifications and defence buildings are recognised as valuable cultural attractions and present an anthropogenic resource with potential for touristic valorisation, both as sightseeing facilities as well as accommodation facilities. This paper explores the connection between the requirements of heritage protection of fortifications and the requirements of the application of indoor camping in these fortifications. The purpose of this paper is to help conserve fortifications by providing funding for their maintenance with the application of this innovative accommodation model respecting the principles of sustainability and health and safety standards in post-Covid tourism. The goal is to provide a general framework that could reconcile tourism businesses on one side and conservators on the other. The main scientific contribution is summarised in the framework of adequate implementation of indoor camping in fortified buildings according to conservators’ requirements. The interview technique was used to assess this. The authors found that indoor camping can be a suitable accommodation model in fortified buildings. The key limitation of the model is based on the fact that an individual approach is necessary for every heritage building, as well as fortification, since they are unique. Therefore, each application of an indoor camping model should receive a proper conservators’ permit before the entrepreneurship venture. Furthermore, the opinions of key stakeholders were also investigated. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Detection of the TiO2 Concentration in the Protective Coatings for the Cultural Heritage by Means of Hyperspectral Data
Sustainability 2021, 13(1), 92; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13010092 - 24 Dec 2020
Viewed by 375
Abstract
Nanotechnology-based materials are currently being tested in the protection of cultural heritage: ethyl silicate or silica nanoparticles dispersed in aqueous colloidal suspensions mixed with titanium dioxide are used as a coating for stone materials. These coatings can play a key role against the [...] Read more.
Nanotechnology-based materials are currently being tested in the protection of cultural heritage: ethyl silicate or silica nanoparticles dispersed in aqueous colloidal suspensions mixed with titanium dioxide are used as a coating for stone materials. These coatings can play a key role against the degradation of stone materials, due to the deposit of organic matter and other contaminants on the substrate, a phenomenon that produces a greater risk for the monuments in urban areas because of the increasing atmospheric pollution. However, during the application phase, it is important to evaluate the amount of titanium dioxide in the coatings on the substrate, as it can produce a coverage effect on the asset. In this work, we present the hyperspectral data obtained through a field spectroradiometer on samples of different stone materials, which have been prepared in laboratory with an increasing weight percentage of titanium dioxide from 0 to 8 wt%. The data showed spectral signatures dependent on the content of titanium dioxide in the wavelength range 350–400 nm. Afterwards, blind tests were performed on other samples in order to evaluate the reliability of these measurements in detecting the unknown weight percentage of titanium dioxide. Moreover, an investigation was also performed on a test application of nanoparticle coatings on a stone statue located in a coastal town in Calabria (southern Italy). The results showed that the surveys can be useful for verifying the phase of application of the coating on cultural heritage structures; however, they could also be used to check the state of the coated stone directly exposed over time to atmospheric, biological and chemical agents. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
The Attractiveness of Adaptive Heritage Reuse: A Theoretical Framework
Sustainability 2020, 12(6), 2372; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12062372 - 18 Mar 2020
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 867
Abstract
Adaptive heritage reuse is a useful method to bring new meaning into a culture, manage heritage sites, and promote tourism development. However, it is not always successful, and there is no theoretical framework to understand its attractiveness and value. This study aimed at [...] Read more.
Adaptive heritage reuse is a useful method to bring new meaning into a culture, manage heritage sites, and promote tourism development. However, it is not always successful, and there is no theoretical framework to understand its attractiveness and value. This study aimed at developing such a theoretical framework based on the analysis of nine cases of adaptive heritage reuse in Taiwan. The probe question technique of qualitative interview was used to assess the attraction framework. A total of 90 respondents were interviewed based on constant comparative analysis with the sampling strategy of theoretical saturation. The results illustrate the heritage and activities of the reuse environments, including natural and regional environments. These environments produce recreational values, including self-growth, health benefits, and social benefits. As promoting activities is an important attraction for tourists in the heritage reuse environment, the natural environment can be used to plan and design heritage outdoor activities. Finally, the regional environment can be an important basis for assessing the feasibility of adaptive heritage reuse, including historical streets, surrounding tourist attractions, and high transportation accessibility. This theoretical framework can be used to achieve sustainable management of heritage sites. Full article
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