Special Issue "Adaptation to Climate Change Through Sustainable and Integrated Crop-Soil-Water-Livestock Diversification: A Nexus Approach"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 February 2022.
Interests: plant ecophysiology, water use efficiency, carbon isotope discrimination; land degradation and marginal environmental study; screening, selection, and genotypic evaluation in the plant–soil–environment nexus through agronomic tools and physiological perspective; environmental sustainability; non-conventional water resources; crop diversification; plant abiotic stress study; bio-herbicide potential of natural compounds
Interests: CO2 and non-CO2 (N2O and CH4) greenhouse gas emission and mitigation; Soil biogeochemistry; organic amendments, i.e., animal manure and biochar and GHG emissions; soil and crop modeling; soil nitrogen dynamics; soil organic matter decomposition; soil microbes and their interaction to the environment; environmental geochemistry; climate change/warming and mitigation
Interests: plant-microbes interactions, soil biology & biogeochemistry, recycling & management of organic waste, soil carbon sequestration, nutrients cycling in agro-ecosystem, biochar production and utilization. nutrient management in salt-affected soils
Interests: restoration ecology; plant–soil interactions; nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems; nutrient deficiency and stress; carbon and nitrogen isotpic composition; GHGs emissions; root and canopy development; soil conservation and biogeochemistry; environmental chemistry; carbon sequestration; soil microbial community composition; intergrated cropping systems; agroforestry and intercropping
Human population growth, rapid economic development, and accelerated climate change across the globe are necessitating smart agricultural and forestry practices, water saving technologies, different land uses, crop ideotypes, and high-yielding cultivars (HYCs) to enhance plant productivity. Sustainability is closely linked to resilience, i.e., the capacity of food systems over time to provide sufficient, adequate, and accessible food to all in the face of various and even unforeseen challenges. Food systems cannot be expected to be resilient to challenges such as climate change and COVID-19 if they are not sustainable. In this context, sustainable increases in agricultural production are needed to feed billions of people worldwide in the future. In this context, adopting integrated agricultural practices such as sustainable crop and livestock diversification, water-saving technologies, different land uses, crop ideotypes, and high-yielding cultivars can minimize greenhouse gas emissions, food losses and wastes, improve crop productivity and global supply chain, and provide nutritive food to world communities suffering from hunger and malnutrition. In this Special Issue, the particular focus is integrated crop–livestock systems that possess multifaceted farming systems, in which different agricultural practices are combined for the sustainable management of available natural resources (plant–soil–water); to reduce climate change impact; to improve soil properties, crop productivity, and animal sector development; and increase farmer profit in an integrated way. Climate change poses considerable challenges for development, food security, and poverty alleviation.
Several sustainable agricultural and forestry practices should be adopted by growers to enhance the soil fertility and water use efficiency, increase resiliency to climate change, reduce marginal lands, and improve water resources to enhance crop productivity and yield stability. These milestones can be achieved through the provision of different integrated plant production packages and expanding their use to more marginalized farmers with a poor economic condition. In the livestock sector, sustainable production and development of the forage sector is crucial, requiring the upscaling of forags with good nutritive value. Several factors are responsible for poor livestock productivity, ncluding low-yielding forage genotypes with low quality and yield under marginal environment. To save fresh water resources, we must safely reuse non-conventional water (NCW) such as treated wastewater, low-quality saline water, and rain harvesting as vital alternate resources for the agriculture and forestry sectors. ICLS has been adopted in several countries but this concept still needs to be adopted in West Asia, North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Iberian Peninsula in fertile and marginal environments. The farmers in North Africa are particularly vulnerable to climate change perturbations, which include salinity and drought. This challenge requires adaptation of drought and salt t-olerant genotypes of various forage crops with high nutritive value. Among them, several forage crops, such as sorghum, pearl millet, and triticale, have been adapted by the local farmer community, the livelihood of which depends on agriculture, to saline and marginal environments. It was found that farmers should have to adopt salt-tolerant forage crops and use NCW and marginal lands to improve the agriculture and livestock sectors, which will significantly support the local economy, food security, and profit of the farmer. It will also help to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, aiming at the protection, restoration, and advancement of the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems and forests, halting land degradation including desertification and losses of biodiversity, as well as responding to the urgent call to action to deal with climate change and its negative outcomes.
The aim of this Special Issue is to present original research articles and reviews on all aspects of integrated and sustainable agriculture through several technologies such as NCW, ICLS and HYC. For this Special Issue, we seek original work focused on addressing new research and development challenges, innovative techniques, HYC, ICLS, NCW, and integrated solutions for sustainable agriculture.
Dr. M. Iftikhar Hussain
Dr. Awais Shakoor
Prof. Dr. Sher Muhammad Shahzad
Dr. Taimoor Hassan Farooq
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- crop–livestock integration
- agroforestry and intercropping
- sustaiable production
- forage crops
- pearl millet
- dual-purpose crop
- non-conventional water resources