Special Issue "Toxic Non-Proteinogenic Amino Acids (NPAA)"
A special issue of Toxins (ISSN 2072-6651).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 September 2017).
Interests: cyanobacteria; toxins; bioactive compounds; zebrafish embryo model; natural products
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Special Issue in Marine Drugs: Algal Toxins
Special Issue in Toxins: Cyanotoxins
Special Issue in Marine Drugs: Algal Toxins II, 2017
Special Issue in Toxins: Research on Biotoxins Based on Model Organisms
Amino acids are clearly key molecules in the chemistry of life, and indeed, are the most abundant biomolecules (constituting, for example, as much as 50% dry weight of biological systems in the form either proteins or free amino acids). By far, most attention has focused on the canonical twenty amino acids utilized in ribosomal protein synthesis via translation. However, it is generally accepted that the proteinogenic amino acids represent only a very small subset of the diversity of amino acids, and estimates suggest that several hundred or more non-proteinogenic amino acids (NPAAs) are produced and exist in nature. The NPAA are produced in the environment by a wide range of organisms including, in particular, various plant and microbial taxa. Reported functions of the NPAA include endogenous roles such as cellular signaling and regulation, structural composition of cell membranes and metabolic intermediates, as well as various “exogenous”, and particularly ecological, roles as feeding deterrents, and other allelopathic (e.g., antimicrobial or other antibiotic) activities. Notably, the NPAAs are found in a wide range of biologically active peptides from microbes. Alongside these roles, several examples exist to suggest that NPAAs may secondarily pose threats to human and animal health as potent toxins and/or contributors to diseases (e.g., neurodegenerative disease). These diverse functions, and reported impacts on health, point to a largely under-investigated contribution of NPAAs as natural toxins. This Special Issue will focus, therefore, on toxic amino acids including their diversity, biosynthesis/biogenesis, mechanisms of toxicity and possible roles in a wide range of biological processes including, in particular, human health and disease. Manuscripts from any fields, and disciplines, related to toxic amino acids are invited.
Prof. Dr. John P. Berry
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a double-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Toxins is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.