Special Issue "Vehicle Design Processes"

A special issue of Vehicles (ISSN 2624-8921).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 April 2021).

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Ralf Stetter
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Ravensburg-Weingarten University
Interests: autonomous vehicles, vehicle interior, vehicle ergonomics, vehicle seating systems, vehicle design processes, fault-tolerant control and design
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Udo Pulm
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany
Interests: System theory, technical ethics, interdisciplinary design processes, functional modelling, environmental protection, digitalisation and artificial intelligence
Prof. Dr. Markus Till
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Ravensburg-Weingarten University, Württemberg, Germany
Interests: simulation, digital design processes, vehicle design processes, mechanisms for convertibles, multi-body analysis, finite lement analysis

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The design processes of vehicles are a promising research topic. The design of vehicles is one of the most challenging tasks in engineering because of several reasons. The enormous consumer expectations as well as the intensive global competition aggravates vehicle design. Cost-driven design is a necessity and vehicles need to be economical in production, operation, and recycling; in fact, sustainable design is also imperative for ecological vehicles. The dynamics of vehicles have to be considered in the design of all components and light-weight design is of fundamental importance. Consumers expect convincing functional performance, high product quality, appealing appearance, high reliability, interconnected functionality as well as comprehensible and appealing user interfaces. More and more, additional services are connected with vehicles. These enormous requirements lead to complex multi-domain design processes of vehicles, because most of the important decisions are made in the design phase. Production optimization and intelligent operation are important topics, but flaws and insufficiencies in the design stage lead to enormous expenditures in later stages and less-than-perfect products. The design processes of vehicles involve thousands of engineers are spread globally and need to consider multiple product versions and variants as well as multi-company product platforms. Very often, testing necessities and legal issues play an important role in these processes and the economic and ecological quality of the product has to be monitored throughout the processes. Even in early stages, vehicle safety and ergonomic quality need to be considered. Needless to say, only digital support makes these processes feasible. For all domains, powerful computer tools for synthesis, analysis, evaluation, and optimization were created and numerous attempts try to sensibly link the data used in all these tools. However, many domain specific and generic data formats as well as the sheer size of the data still create serious problems. It is important to note that design is also connected with scheduling and project management, because certain design decisions can lead to long-term testing and production preparation processes. The listed challenges concerning the multi-domain design processes of vehicles lead to a prominent need for research activities aimed at supporting the designers in this endeavor. This Special Issue intends to present the current status of these research activities. They will range from application-oriented attempts to improve certain design tools over process improvement attempts to fully integrated digital processes as well as novel approaches in this field such as big data and artificial intelligence. We are looking forward for your excellent research papers.

Prof. Dr. Ralf Stetter
Prof. Dr. Udo Pulm
Prof. Dr. Markus Till
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Vehicles is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • design processes
  • vehicle design
  • design engineering
  • digital design
  • product data management
  • multi-domain design processes
  • vehicle dynamics
  • vehicle safety
  • vehicle ergonomics

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Digital Development Process for the Drive System of a Balanced Two-Wheel Scooter
Vehicles 2021, 3(1), 33-60; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vehicles3010003 - 20 Jan 2021
Viewed by 512
Abstract
Graph-based design languages have received increasing attention in the research community, because they offer a promising approach to address several major issues in engineering, e.g., the frequent manual data transfer between computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided engineering (CAE) systems. Currently, these issues prevent [...] Read more.
Graph-based design languages have received increasing attention in the research community, because they offer a promising approach to address several major issues in engineering, e.g., the frequent manual data transfer between computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided engineering (CAE) systems. Currently, these issues prevent the realization of machine executable digital design processes of complex systems such as vehicles. Promising scenarios for urban transportation include an interconnection of mass transportation systems such as buses and subways with individual vehicles for the so-called “last mile” transport. For several reasons, these vehicles should be as small and light as possible. A considerable reduction in weight and size can be achieved, if such vehicles are tailored to the individual size, weight and proportion of the individual user. However, tailoring vehicles for the individual characteristics of each user go beyond a simple building set and require a continuous digital design process. Consequently, the topic of this paper is a digital design process of a self-balanced scooter, which can be used as an individual last-mile means of transport. This process is based on graph-based design languages, because in these languages, a digital system model is generated, which contains all relevant information about a design and can be fed into any simulation tool which is needed to evaluate the impact of a possible design variation on the resulting product performance. As this process can be automated by digital compilers, it is possible to perform systematic design variations for an almost infinite amount of parameters and topological variants. Consequently, these kinds of graph-based languages are a powerful means to generate viable design alternatives and thus permit fast evaluations. The paper demonstrates the design process, focusing on the drive system of the respective balanced two-wheel scooter and highlights the advantages (data integration and possibility for machine execution). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicle Design Processes)
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Open AccessArticle
Design of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrain for Performance Optimization Considering Various Powertrain Components and Configurations
Vehicles 2021, 3(1), 20-32; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vehicles3010002 - 31 Dec 2020
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1063
Abstract
Emissions from the transportation sector due to the consumption of fossil fuels by conventional vehicles have been a major cause of climate change. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are a cleaner solution to reduce the emissions caused by transportation, and well-designed HEVs can also [...] Read more.
Emissions from the transportation sector due to the consumption of fossil fuels by conventional vehicles have been a major cause of climate change. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are a cleaner solution to reduce the emissions caused by transportation, and well-designed HEVs can also outperform conventional vehicles. This study examines various powertrain configurations and components to design a hybrid powertrain that can satisfy the performance criteria given by the EcoCAR Mobility Challenge competition. These criteria include acceleration, braking, driving range, fuel economy, and emissions. A total of five different designs were investigated using MATLAB/Simulink simulations to obtain the necessary performance metrics. Only one powertrain design was found to satisfy all the performance targets. This design is a P4 hybrid powertrain consisting of a 2.5 L engine from General Motors, a 150 kW electric motor with an electronic drive unit (EDU) from American Axle Manufacturing, and a 133 kW battery pack from Hybrid Design Services. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicle Design Processes)
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Open AccessArticle
Analysis and Research on the Comprehensive Performance of Vehicle Magnetorheological Regenerative Suspension
Vehicles 2020, 2(4), 576-588; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vehicles2040033 - 22 Oct 2020
Viewed by 707
Abstract
Magnetorheological (MR) regenerative suspension system can not only achieve excellent comprehensive suspension performance but also effectively recover and utilize vibration potential energy, which has been a research hotspot in the field of vehicle engineering. In this paper, for the 1/4 vehicle’s MR regenerative [...] Read more.
Magnetorheological (MR) regenerative suspension system can not only achieve excellent comprehensive suspension performance but also effectively recover and utilize vibration potential energy, which has been a research hotspot in the field of vehicle engineering. In this paper, for the 1/4 vehicle’s MR regenerative suspension system parallel with a tubular permanent magnet linear motor (TPMLM), the dynamic model of the MR semi-active suspension system and the TPMLM finite element model are established separately to form a joint simulation platform. The simulation analysis of the comprehensive suspension performance and regeneration performance under different road excitations is performed. The results show that installing TPMLM does not change the natural resonance frequency of the suspension system, which ensures good driving comfort and handling stability. At the same time, it has considerable regeneration power. This research can provide a reference for the stability analysis and popularization of the vehicle’s MR regenerative suspension system. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicle Design Processes)
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