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Article

Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes toward Tsunamis: A Local Survey in the Southern Coast of Iran

by 1,* and 2
1
Graduate Program in Sustainability Science-Global Leadership Initiative, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8563, Japan
2
Department of Socio-Cultural Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8563, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 449; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13020449
Received: 8 November 2020 / Revised: 1 January 2021 / Accepted: 3 January 2021 / Published: 6 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hazards and Sustainability)
In regions with low tsunami risk probability, mitigation plans are unlikely to resonate with residents. Empirical data regarding people’s knowledge, awareness, and attitudes about tsunamis represent a keystone for better risk management and improved disaster preparedness. This study evaluated these factors on the southern coast of Iran, Makran, by conducting a field survey. The results presented in this paper indicate a low level of awareness and willingness to evacuate among residents and a low level of trust in the government in regard to risk management. Moreover, the results show a significant religious attribution affecting respondents’ risk perception and evacuation behavior that, along with the aforementioned factors, increases residents’ vulnerability. Based on our findings, we provide some recommendations to help policymakers understand how to shape mitigation and evacuation plans such that they will become more evidence-based, sensitive, informed, and cost-effective. View Full-Text
Keywords: tsunami awareness; sustainable risk management; trust; tsunami perception; Makran tsunami awareness; sustainable risk management; trust; tsunami perception; Makran
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salah, P.; Sasaki, J. Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes toward Tsunamis: A Local Survey in the Southern Coast of Iran. Sustainability 2021, 13, 449. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13020449

AMA Style

Salah P, Sasaki J. Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes toward Tsunamis: A Local Survey in the Southern Coast of Iran. Sustainability. 2021; 13(2):449. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13020449

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salah, Parastoo, and Jun Sasaki. 2021. "Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes toward Tsunamis: A Local Survey in the Southern Coast of Iran" Sustainability 13, no. 2: 449. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13020449

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