Next Article in Journal
Interleukin-1 Receptor-Induced Nitric Oxide Production in the Pancreas Controls Hyperglycemia Caused by Scorpion Envenomation
Next Article in Special Issue
Phenyllactic Acid Produced by Geotrichum candidum Reduces Fusarium sporotrichioides and F. langsethiae Growth and T-2 Toxin Concentration
Previous Article in Journal
Cardiac Remodeling in Chronic Kidney Disease
Previous Article in Special Issue
Commercial Biocontrol Agents Reveal Contrasting Comportments Against Two Mycotoxigenic Fungi in Cereals: Fusarium Graminearum and Fusarium Verticillioides
Article

Biological Control of Aflatoxin in Maize Grown in Serbia

1
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
2
Institute of Bioanalytics and Agro-Metabolomics, Department IFA-Tulin, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU), A-3430 Tulln, Austria
3
Institute for Global Food Security, School of Biological Sciences, Queens University Belfast, University Road, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 January 2020 / Revised: 14 February 2020 / Accepted: 3 March 2020 / Published: 5 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biocontrol Agents and Natural Compounds against Mycotoxinogenic Fungi)
Aspergillus flavus is the main producer of aflatoxin B1, one of the most toxic contaminants of food and feed. With global warming, climate conditions have become favourable for aflatoxin contamination of agricultural products in several European countries, including Serbia. The infection of maize with A. flavus, and aflatoxin synthesis can be controlled and reduced by application of a biocontrol product based on non-toxigenic strains of A. flavus. Biological control relies on competition between atoxigenic and toxigenic strains. This is the most commonly used biological control mechanism of aflatoxin contamination in maize in countries where aflatoxins pose a significant threat. Mytoolbox Af01, a native atoxigenic A. flavus strain, was obtained from maize grown in Serbia and used to produce a biocontrol product that was applied in irrigated and non-irrigated Serbian fields during 2016 and 2017. The application of this biocontrol product reduced aflatoxin levels in maize kernels (51–83%). The biocontrol treatment had a highly significant effect of reducing total aflatoxin contamination by 73%. This study showed that aflatoxin contamination control in Serbian maize can be achieved through biological control methods using atoxigenic A. flavus strains. View Full-Text
Keywords: aflatoxin; Aspergillus flavus; biological control; atoxigenic strain; maize; Serbia aflatoxin; Aspergillus flavus; biological control; atoxigenic strain; maize; Serbia
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Savić, Z.; Dudaš, T.; Loc, M.; Grahovac, M.; Budakov, D.; Jajić, I.; Krstović, S.; Barošević, T.; Krska, R.; Sulyok, M.; Stojšin, V.; Petreš, M.; Stankov, A.; Vukotić, J.; Bagi, F. Biological Control of Aflatoxin in Maize Grown in Serbia. Toxins 2020, 12, 162. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins12030162

AMA Style

Savić Z, Dudaš T, Loc M, Grahovac M, Budakov D, Jajić I, Krstović S, Barošević T, Krska R, Sulyok M, Stojšin V, Petreš M, Stankov A, Vukotić J, Bagi F. Biological Control of Aflatoxin in Maize Grown in Serbia. Toxins. 2020; 12(3):162. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins12030162

Chicago/Turabian Style

Savić, Zagorka, Tatjana Dudaš, Marta Loc, Mila Grahovac, Dragana Budakov, Igor Jajić, Saša Krstović, Tijana Barošević, Rudolf Krska, Michael Sulyok, Vera Stojšin, Mladen Petreš, Aleksandra Stankov, Jelena Vukotić, and Ferenc Bagi. 2020. "Biological Control of Aflatoxin in Maize Grown in Serbia" Toxins 12, no. 3: 162. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins12030162

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop