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Article

Comparisons of Motivation to Receive COVID-19 Vaccination and Related Factors between Frontline Physicians and Nurses and the Public in Taiwan: Applying the Extended Protection Motivation Theory

by 1,2,†, 1,2,†, 3 and 1,2,*
1
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
2
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
3
School of Nursing, The State University of New York, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally.
Academic Editor: Yutaka Ueda
Received: 30 April 2021 / Revised: 16 May 2021 / Accepted: 17 May 2021 / Published: 20 May 2021
This study aimed to compare the differences in motivation to receive a COVID-19 vaccination between frontline physicians and nurses and the Taiwanese public. The associations of threat and coping appraisals, as described in Protection Motivation Theory (PMT), with motivation to receive COVID-19 vaccination were compared between these groups, too. We recruited 279 frontline physicians and nurses and 768 members of the public by a Facebook advertisement. Participants’ motivation to receive COVID-19 vaccination, perceived severity of and vulnerability to COVID-19, self-efficacy and response efficacy of COVID-19 vaccination, response cost of COVID-19 vaccination, and knowledge about the mechanism of COVID-19 vaccination in light of PMT were determined. The results demonstrated that frontline health workers had higher motivation to receive COVID-19 vaccination than the public. Response efficacy and knowledge of COVID-19 vaccination were positively associated with motivation to receive COVID-19 vaccination in both frontline health workers and the public, whereas perceived vulnerability, perceived severity, and response cost of COVID-19 vaccination were positively associated with motivation in the public but not in frontline physicians and nurses. The factors related to motivation to receive COVID-19 vaccination should be considered when designing programs to increase motivation to receive COVID-19 vaccination among frontline health workers and the public. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; health care worker; motivation; prevention motivation theory; vaccination COVID-19; health care worker; motivation; prevention motivation theory; vaccination
MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, Y.-J.; Yen, C.-F.; Chang, Y.-P.; Wang, P.-W. Comparisons of Motivation to Receive COVID-19 Vaccination and Related Factors between Frontline Physicians and Nurses and the Public in Taiwan: Applying the Extended Protection Motivation Theory. Vaccines 2021, 9, 528. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vaccines9050528

AMA Style

Lin Y-J, Yen C-F, Chang Y-P, Wang P-W. Comparisons of Motivation to Receive COVID-19 Vaccination and Related Factors between Frontline Physicians and Nurses and the Public in Taiwan: Applying the Extended Protection Motivation Theory. Vaccines. 2021; 9(5):528. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vaccines9050528

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lin, Yen-Ju, Cheng-Fang Yen, Yu-Ping Chang, and Peng-Wei Wang. 2021. "Comparisons of Motivation to Receive COVID-19 Vaccination and Related Factors between Frontline Physicians and Nurses and the Public in Taiwan: Applying the Extended Protection Motivation Theory" Vaccines 9, no. 5: 528. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/vaccines9050528

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