Next Article in Journal
Editorial for the Special Issue: “Targeting β-Lactamases to Fight Bacterial Resistance to β-Lactam Antibiotics”
Next Article in Special Issue
Studying the Gene Expression of Penicillium rubens Under the Effect of Eight Essential Oils
Previous Article in Journal
Redundant Anaerobic Antimicrobial Prescriptions in German Acute Care Hospitals: Data from a National Point Prevalence Survey
Previous Article in Special Issue
Natural Oregano Essential Oil May Replace Antibiotics in Lamb Diets: Effects on Meat Quality
Article

Morphological, Chemical, and Genetic Characteristics of Korean Native Thyme Bak-Ri-Hyang (Thymus quinquecostatus Celak.)

1
School of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Gangwon-do, Korea
2
Agriculture and Life Sciences Research Institute, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Gangwon-do, Korea
3
Department of Botany, Kongunadu Arts and Science College, Coimbatore 641029, Tamil Nadu, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 April 2020 / Revised: 24 May 2020 / Accepted: 25 May 2020 / Published: 28 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Essential Oils)
Bak-ri-hyang (Thymus quinquecostatus Celak.) is an important medicinal and aromatic plant in Korea. T. quinquecostatus population and is always mixed with other thyme cultivars during cultivation and marketing. Hence, this study aimed to determine the genetic variability and the essential oil composition of three Korean native thyme, T. quinquecostatus cultivars collected from the Wolchul, Jiri, and Odae mountains, in comparison with six commercial thyme cultivars (T. vulgaris), to distinguish Bak-ri-hyang from other thyme cultivars. The composition of essential oils obtained from nine individuals was analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis was accomplished using 16 different primers. The GC–MS analysis revealed that Wolchul, creeping, golden, and orange cultivars belong to the geraniol chemotype. Whereas the Odae, lemon, and silver cultivars belong to the thymol chemotype. Further, linalool was the most abundant component in carpet and Jiri cultivars. The RAPD analysis demonstrated that all thyme cultivars showed characteristic RAPD patterns that allowed their identification. In total, 133 bands were obtained using 16 primers, and 124 bands were polymorphic, corresponding to 93.2% polymorphism. Cluster analysis of RAPD markers established the presence of clear separation from nine thyme cultivars. The highest dissimilarity and similarity coefficient of the RAPD markers were 0.58 and 0.98, respectively. According to the RAPD patterns, the nine thyme cultivars could be divided into two major clusters. Among three Korean cultivars, the Wolchul and Odae cultivars were placed into the same cluster, but they did not show identical clustering with their essential oil compositions. The findings of the present study suggest that RAPD analysis can be a useful tool for marker-assisted identification of T. quinquecostatus from other Thymus species. View Full-Text
Keywords: essential oil; genetic; RAPD; thyme; Thymus quinquecostatus; Thymus vulgaris essential oil; genetic; RAPD; thyme; Thymus quinquecostatus; Thymus vulgaris
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, M.; Moon, J.-C.; Kim, S.; Sowndhararajan, K. Morphological, Chemical, and Genetic Characteristics of Korean Native Thyme Bak-Ri-Hyang (Thymus quinquecostatus Celak.). Antibiotics 2020, 9, 289. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics9060289

AMA Style

Kim M, Moon J-C, Kim S, Sowndhararajan K. Morphological, Chemical, and Genetic Characteristics of Korean Native Thyme Bak-Ri-Hyang (Thymus quinquecostatus Celak.). Antibiotics. 2020; 9(6):289. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics9060289

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Minju, Jun-Cheol Moon, Songmun Kim, and Kandhasamy Sowndhararajan. 2020. "Morphological, Chemical, and Genetic Characteristics of Korean Native Thyme Bak-Ri-Hyang (Thymus quinquecostatus Celak.)" Antibiotics 9, no. 6: 289. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics9060289

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop