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Article

Effect of Alkali Treatment on the Properties of Acacia Caesia Bark Fibres

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Anand Nagar, Krishnankovil, Virudhunagar 626126, Tamilnadu, India
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dilkap Research Institute of Engineering and Management Studies, At Village Mamdapur, Post Neral, Tal-Karjat, Dist Raigad, Ahmednagar 410101, Maharashtra, India
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh 11432, Saudi Arabia
4
School of Science and Technology, Università degli Studi di Camerino, 62032 Camerino, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Fiore
Received: 21 May 2021 / Revised: 22 June 2021 / Accepted: 27 July 2021 / Published: 2 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Fibers II)
As possible substitutes for non-biodegradable synthetic fibre, ligno-cellulosic fibres have attracted much interest for their eco-friendliness; a large number of them are already used for the production of green polymer composites. The search for further green candidates brings into focus other fibres not previously considered, yet part of other production systems, therefore available as by-products or refuse. The purpose of this study is to explore the potential of alkali treatment with 5% sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to enhance the properties of bark-extracted Acacia Caesia Bark (ACB) fibres. The microscopic structure of the treated fibres was elucidated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Moreover, the fibres were characterised in terms of chemical composition and density and subjected to single-fibre tensile tests (SFTT). Following their physico-chemical characterisation, fibre samples underwent thermal characterisation by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and their crystallinity was assessed using X-ray diffraction (XRD). This level of alkali treatment only marginally modified the structure of the fibres and offered some improvement in their tensile strength. This suggested that they compare well with other bark fibres and that their thermal profile showed some increase of degradation onset temperature with respect to untreated ACB fibres. Their crystallinity would allow their application in the form of fibres with an average length of approximately 150 mm, even in thermoplastic biocomposites. View Full-Text
Keywords: Acacia caesia; alkali treatment; SEM; single-fibre tensile tests; thermal characterisation Acacia caesia; alkali treatment; SEM; single-fibre tensile tests; thermal characterisation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sivasubramanian, P.; Kalimuthu, M.; Palaniappan, M.; Alavudeen, A.; Rajini, N.; Santulli, C. Effect of Alkali Treatment on the Properties of Acacia Caesia Bark Fibres. Fibers 2021, 9, 49. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/fib9080049

AMA Style

Sivasubramanian P, Kalimuthu M, Palaniappan M, Alavudeen A, Rajini N, Santulli C. Effect of Alkali Treatment on the Properties of Acacia Caesia Bark Fibres. Fibers. 2021; 9(8):49. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/fib9080049

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sivasubramanian, Palanisamy, Mayandi Kalimuthu, Murugesan Palaniappan, Azeez Alavudeen, Nagarajan Rajini, and Carlo Santulli. 2021. "Effect of Alkali Treatment on the Properties of Acacia Caesia Bark Fibres" Fibers 9, no. 8: 49. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/fib9080049

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