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Article

Predictors of Staying at Home during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Social Lockdown based on Protection Motivation Theory: A Cross-Sectional Study in Japan

Department of Health Communication, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan
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Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 6 November 2020 / Accepted: 7 November 2020 / Published: 11 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection COVID-19: Impact on Public Health and Healthcare)
During the COVID-19 pandemic, a social lockdown should be put in place and individuals should stay at home. Behavioral change is the only way to prevent the pandemic and overwhelmed healthcare systems until vaccines are available. We aimed to examine the psychological factors that predict staying at home during the COVID-19 pandemic and social lockdown. A total of 1980 participants in Japan completed a survey for this study from 9 to 11 May 2020, when the state of emergency covered all prefectures in the country. Self-reported behavior in terms of staying at home, the perceived severity of the pandemic, vulnerability to the pandemic, response efficacy, and self-efficacy based on protection motivation theory were assessed. Multiple regression analysis showed that perceived severity (standardized β = 0.11, p < 0.001) and self-efficacy (standardized β = 0.32, p < 0.001) significantly predicted greater levels of staying at home, after controlling for socio-demographics. However, perceived vulnerability and response efficacy did not. To encourage people to stay at home during the pandemic and social lockdown, increasing the perceived severity of infection by COVID-19 and self-efficacy in terms of exercising restraint with respect to going out may consequently encourage people to stay at home. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; novel coronavirus; social lockdown; protection motivation theory; health behavior; health communication COVID-19; novel coronavirus; social lockdown; protection motivation theory; health behavior; health communication
MDPI and ACS Style

Okuhara, T.; Okada, H.; Kiuchi, T. Predictors of Staying at Home during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Social Lockdown based on Protection Motivation Theory: A Cross-Sectional Study in Japan. Healthcare 2020, 8, 475. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/healthcare8040475

AMA Style

Okuhara T, Okada H, Kiuchi T. Predictors of Staying at Home during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Social Lockdown based on Protection Motivation Theory: A Cross-Sectional Study in Japan. Healthcare. 2020; 8(4):475. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/healthcare8040475

Chicago/Turabian Style

Okuhara, Tsuyoshi, Hiroko Okada, and Takahiro Kiuchi. 2020. "Predictors of Staying at Home during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Social Lockdown based on Protection Motivation Theory: A Cross-Sectional Study in Japan" Healthcare 8, no. 4: 475. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/healthcare8040475

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