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Lashing Force Prediction Model with Multimodal Deep Learning and AutoML for Stowage Planning Automation in Containerships

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Total Soft Bank Ltd., Busan 48002, Korea
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Maersk Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore 089763, Singapore
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Logistics Engineering Department, Korea Maritime & Ocean University, Busan 49112, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 12 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 28 December 2020
The calculation of lashing forces on containerships is one of the most important aspects in terms of cargo safety, as well as slot utilization, especially for large containerships such as more than 10,000 TEU (Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit). It is a challenge for stowage planners when large containerships are in the last port of region because mostly the ship is full and the stacks on deck are very high. However, the lashing force calculation is highly dependent on the Classification society (Class) where the ship is certified; its formula is not published and it is different per each Class (e.g., Lloyd, DNVGL, ABS, BV, and so on). Therefore, the lashing result calculation can only be verified by the Class certified by the Onboard Stability Program (OSP). To ensure that the lashing result is compiled in the stowage plan submitted, stowage planners in office must rely on the same copy of OSP. This study introduces the model to extract the features and to predict the lashing forces with machine learning without explicit calculation of lashing force. The multimodal deep learning with the ANN, CNN and RNN, and AutoML approach is proposed for the machine learning model. The trained model is able to predict the lashing force result and its result is close to the result from its Class. View Full-Text
Keywords: lashing force; containership; stowage planning; multimodal deep learning; AutoML; ANN; CNN; RNN lashing force; containership; stowage planning; multimodal deep learning; AutoML; ANN; CNN; RNN
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, C.; Lee, M.K.; Shin, J.Y. Lashing Force Prediction Model with Multimodal Deep Learning and AutoML for Stowage Planning Automation in Containerships. Logistics 2021, 5, 1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/logistics5010001

AMA Style

Lee C, Lee MK, Shin JY. Lashing Force Prediction Model with Multimodal Deep Learning and AutoML for Stowage Planning Automation in Containerships. Logistics. 2021; 5(1):1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/logistics5010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Chaemin, Mun K. Lee, and Jae Y. Shin 2021. "Lashing Force Prediction Model with Multimodal Deep Learning and AutoML for Stowage Planning Automation in Containerships" Logistics 5, no. 1: 1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/logistics5010001

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