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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

A Study on the Effect of Carbon Nanotubes’ Distribution and Agglomeration in the Free Vibration of Nanocomposite Plates

by 1,* and 1,2,3,*
1
CIMOSM, ISEL, Centro de Investigação em Modelação e Optimização de Sistemas Multifuncionais, 1959-007 Lisbon, Portugal
2
IDMEC, IST—Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
3
UNIDEMI, Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica e Industrial, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 18 November 2020 / Accepted: 23 November 2020 / Published: 30 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in the Science and Engineering of Carbons)
The present work aimed to characterize the free vibrations’ behaviour of nanocomposite plates obtained by incorporating graded distributions of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in a polymeric matrix, considering the carbon nanotubes’ agglomeration effect. This effect is known to degrade material properties, therefore being important to predict the consequences it may bring to structures’ mechanical performance. To this purpose, the elastic properties’ estimation is performed according to the two-parameter agglomeration model based on the Eshelby–Mori–Tanaka approach for randomly dispersed nano-inclusions. This approach is implemented in association with the finite element method to determine the natural frequencies and corresponding mode shapes. Three main agglomeration cases were considered, namely, agglomeration absence, complete agglomeration, and partial agglomeration. The results show that the agglomeration effect has a negative impact on the natural frequencies of the plates, regardless the CNTs’ distribution considered. For the corresponding vibrations’ mode shapes, the agglomeration effect was shown in most cases not to have a significant impact, except for two of the cases studied: for a square plate and a rectangular plate with symmetrical and unsymmetrical CNTs’ distribution, respectively. Globally, the results confirm that not accounting for the nanotubes’ agglomeration effect may lead to less accurate elastic properties and less structures’ performance predictions. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocomposites; CNTs’ agglomeration; functionally graded material; Eshelby–Mori–Tanaka approach; free vibrations’ behaviour; plates’ natural frequencies; plates’ vibration mode shapes nanocomposites; CNTs’ agglomeration; functionally graded material; Eshelby–Mori–Tanaka approach; free vibrations’ behaviour; plates’ natural frequencies; plates’ vibration mode shapes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Craveiro, D.S.; Loja, M.A.R. A Study on the Effect of Carbon Nanotubes’ Distribution and Agglomeration in the Free Vibration of Nanocomposite Plates. C 2020, 6, 79. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/c6040079

AMA Style

Craveiro DS, Loja MAR. A Study on the Effect of Carbon Nanotubes’ Distribution and Agglomeration in the Free Vibration of Nanocomposite Plates. C. 2020; 6(4):79. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/c6040079

Chicago/Turabian Style

Craveiro, D. S.; Loja, M. A.R. 2020. "A Study on the Effect of Carbon Nanotubes’ Distribution and Agglomeration in the Free Vibration of Nanocomposite Plates" C 6, no. 4: 79. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/c6040079

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