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Article

Development and Testing of a Low-Cost Belt-and-Roller Machine for Spheroid Fruit Sorting

1
Department of Biosystem Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Tabriz University, 5166616471 Tabriz, Iran
2
Department of Agricultural Machinery Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, University of Tehran, 315877787 Karaj, Iran
3
Institute of Sciences and Technologies for Sustainable Energy and Mobility (STEMS) of the National Research Council (CNR) of Italy, 10135 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 October 2020 / Revised: 29 November 2020 / Accepted: 2 December 2020 / Published: 4 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Evaluation of New Technological Solutions in Agriculture)
Sorting is one of the most critical factors in the marketing development of fruit and vegetable and should be performed without any damage to the product. This article reports results of the development and testing of a prototype of a low-cost mechanical spherical fruit sorter based on a belt-and-roller device built at the State University of Tabriz, Iran. The efficiency and damage effect of the prototype of the machine was tested at different sorting rates on apples (Red Delicious and Golden Delicious) and oranges. Performance tests indicated that the speed of the feeding belt and transporting belt as well as the spherical coefficient significantly affect the machine’s sizing performance and damages. The results of the test showed a 95.28% and 92.48% accuracy in sorting for Red Delicious and Golden Delicious, respectively, and 94.28% for orange. Furthermore, the machine sorts fruits without any significant damage. View Full-Text
Keywords: postharvest; sorting; sizing; evaluation; spheroid fruits; mechanization postharvest; sorting; sizing; evaluation; spheroid fruits; mechanization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Farzand Ahmadi, V.; Ziyaee, P.; Bazyar, P.; Cavallo, E. Development and Testing of a Low-Cost Belt-and-Roller Machine for Spheroid Fruit Sorting. AgriEngineering 2020, 2, 596-606. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering2040040

AMA Style

Farzand Ahmadi V, Ziyaee P, Bazyar P, Cavallo E. Development and Testing of a Low-Cost Belt-and-Roller Machine for Spheroid Fruit Sorting. AgriEngineering. 2020; 2(4):596-606. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering2040040

Chicago/Turabian Style

Farzand Ahmadi, Vahid, Peyman Ziyaee, Pourya Bazyar, and Eugenio Cavallo. 2020. "Development and Testing of a Low-Cost Belt-and-Roller Machine for Spheroid Fruit Sorting" AgriEngineering 2, no. 4: 596-606. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering2040040

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