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Article

Effect of Ploughing Techniques on Water Use and Yield of Rice in Maugo Small-Holder Irrigation Scheme, Kenya

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Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Eldoret, Eldoret 1125-30100, Kenya
2
Department of Biotechnology and Sustainability, Technical University of Munich (TUM), 94315 Straubing, Germany
3
DIL e.V.–German Institute of Food Technologies, 49610 D-Quakenbrück, Germany
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Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Faculty of Engineerng and Technology, Egerton University, Egerton-Njoro 536-20115, Kenya
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Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Eldoret, Eldoret 1125-30100, Kenya
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2021 / Revised: 23 February 2021 / Accepted: 25 February 2021 / Published: 3 March 2021
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of paddy rice ploughing techniques on water use and the yield of rice crop, as well as water use efficiency for rice growing in small-holder irrigation schemes. The study was conducted at a farmer’s field in Powo B sub-block of Maugo Irrigation Scheme. The period of study was from July 2019 to January 2020, which is the rice season. The experimental site was located in the vicinity of Olare Shopping Centre, Kamenya Sub-location, Kochia East Location, Kochia Ward, Rangwe Sub-County, Homa Bay County, Nyanza Region, Kenya in Maugo rice scheme in Kenya. In the study, four irrigation tillage practices were applied: ox-plough, conventional ox-plough, hand hoe and tractor ploughing. The results showed that conventional ox-ploughing consumed the highest amount of water at 1240 mm. The highest water use efficiency of 0.49 kg/m3 and highest yield of 5.7 tons/ha were observed for hand hoe ploughing. Use of the hand hoe ploughing technique increased yields by 20 percent, as compared to the conventional ox-ploughing. Therefore, the use of water for ploughing is not necessary in the study area. Future research will be needed to see how farmers are adopting the technology before scaling up to full mechanization, as partial mechanization was not profitable. View Full-Text
Keywords: hand hoe; ox plough; ploughing techniques; water use; yield hand hoe; ox plough; ploughing techniques; water use; yield
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cheboi, P.K.; Siddiqui, S.A.; Onyando, J.; Kiptum, C.K.; Heinz, V. Effect of Ploughing Techniques on Water Use and Yield of Rice in Maugo Small-Holder Irrigation Scheme, Kenya. AgriEngineering 2021, 3, 110-117. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering3010007

AMA Style

Cheboi PK, Siddiqui SA, Onyando J, Kiptum CK, Heinz V. Effect of Ploughing Techniques on Water Use and Yield of Rice in Maugo Small-Holder Irrigation Scheme, Kenya. AgriEngineering. 2021; 3(1):110-117. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering3010007

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cheboi, Pius K., Shahida A. Siddiqui, Japheth Onyando, Clement K. Kiptum, and Volker Heinz. 2021. "Effect of Ploughing Techniques on Water Use and Yield of Rice in Maugo Small-Holder Irrigation Scheme, Kenya" AgriEngineering 3, no. 1: 110-117. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agriengineering3010007

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