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Communication

New Online Resource on the 3Rs Principles of Animal Research for Wildlife Biologists, Ecologists, and Conservation Managers

1
Centre for Compassionate Conservation, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia
2
Animalfree Research, Postgasse 15, 3011 Bern, Switzerland
3
Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics, 91 Iffley Road, Oxford OX4 1EG, UK
Academic Editors: Michael Getzner and Guillermo Blanco
Received: 20 May 2021 / Revised: 26 May 2021 / Accepted: 7 June 2021 / Published: 9 June 2021
The Earth’s biodiversity is in crisis. Without radical action to conserve habitats, the current rate of species extinction is predicted to accelerate even further. Efficient species conservation requires planning, management, and continuous biodiversity monitoring through wildlife research. Conservation biology was built on the utilitarian principle, where the well-being of species, populations, and ecosystems is given priority over the well-being of individual animals. However, this tenet has been increasingly under discussion and it has been argued that wildlife researchers need to safeguard the welfare of the individual animals traditionally subjected to invasive or lethal research procedures. The 3Rs principles of animal use (Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement) have become the cornerstone of ethical scientific conduct that could minimize the potential negative impact of research practices. One of the obvious strategies to implement the 3Rs in wildlife studies is to use non-invasive or non-lethal research methods. However, in contrast to toxicological or pharmacological research on laboratory animal models, up to now no 3Rs databases or online resources designed specifically for wildlife biologists, ecologists, and conservation managers have been available. To aid the implementation of the 3Rs principles into research on wildlife, I developed an online resource whose structure is outlined in this paper. The website contains a curated database of peer-reviewed articles that have implemented non-invasive or non-lethal research methods that could be used as a guideline for future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3Rs; database; non-invasive sampling; non-lethal sampling; website; wildlife welfare 3Rs; database; non-invasive sampling; non-lethal sampling; website; wildlife welfare
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zemanova, M.A. New Online Resource on the 3Rs Principles of Animal Research for Wildlife Biologists, Ecologists, and Conservation Managers. Conservation 2021, 1, 106-112. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1020009

AMA Style

Zemanova MA. New Online Resource on the 3Rs Principles of Animal Research for Wildlife Biologists, Ecologists, and Conservation Managers. Conservation. 2021; 1(2):106-112. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1020009

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zemanova, Miriam A. 2021. "New Online Resource on the 3Rs Principles of Animal Research for Wildlife Biologists, Ecologists, and Conservation Managers" Conservation 1, no. 2: 106-112. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1020009

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