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Targeted Substituted-Phenol Production by Strategic Hydrogenolysis of Sugar-Cane Lignin
Review

Deep Eutectic Solvents for the Valorisation of Lignocellulosic Biomasses towards Fine Chemicals

Water Research Institute (IRSA), National Research Council (CNR), Via F. de Blasio 5, 70132 Bari, Italy
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Academic Editor: S David Jackson
Received: 17 May 2021 / Revised: 1 July 2021 / Accepted: 8 July 2021 / Published: 12 July 2021
The growing demand for energy and materials in modern society pushes scientific research to finding new alternative sources to traditional fossil feedstocks. The exploitation of biomass promises to be among the viable alternatives with a lower environmental impact. Making biomass exploitation technologies applicable at an industrial level represents one of the main goals for our society. In this work, the most recent scientific studies concerning the enhancement of lignocellulosic biomasses through the use of deep eutectic solvent (DES) systems have been examined and reported. DESs have an excellent potential for the fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass: the high H-bond capacity and polarity allow the lignin to be deconvolved, making it easier to break down the lignocellulosic complex, producing a free crystallite of cellulose capable of being exploited and valorised. DESs offer valid alternatives of using the potential of lignin (producing aromatics), hemicellulose (achieving furfural) and cellulose (delivering freely degradable substrates through enzymatic transformation into glucose). In this review, the mechanism of DES in the fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass and the main possible uses for the valorisation of lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose were reported, with a critical discussion of the perspectives and limits for industrial application. View Full-Text
Keywords: deep eutectic solvents; lignocellulosic pretreatment; lignin valorisation; cellulose valorisation; HMF; furfural; aromatics; 5-(chloromethyl) furfural deep eutectic solvents; lignocellulosic pretreatment; lignin valorisation; cellulose valorisation; HMF; furfural; aromatics; 5-(chloromethyl) furfural
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MDPI and ACS Style

Scelsi, E.; Angelini, A.; Pastore, C. Deep Eutectic Solvents for the Valorisation of Lignocellulosic Biomasses towards Fine Chemicals. Biomass 2021, 1, 29-59. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biomass1010003

AMA Style

Scelsi E, Angelini A, Pastore C. Deep Eutectic Solvents for the Valorisation of Lignocellulosic Biomasses towards Fine Chemicals. Biomass. 2021; 1(1):29-59. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biomass1010003

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scelsi, Enrico, Antonella Angelini, and Carlo Pastore. 2021. "Deep Eutectic Solvents for the Valorisation of Lignocellulosic Biomasses towards Fine Chemicals" Biomass 1, no. 1: 29-59. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biomass1010003

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