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The Chemical and Biological Properties of Nanohydroxyapatite Coatings with Antibacterial Nanometals, Obtained in the Electrophoretic Process on the Ti13Zr13Nb Alloy

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Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Ship Technology, Gdańsk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland
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Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Medical University of Lublin, 20-093 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdańsk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland
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Department of Laboratory Diagnostics and Microbiology with Blood Bank, Specialist Hospital in Kościerzyna, 83-400 Kościerzyna, Poland
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Department of Oncological Surgery, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sergey Dobretsov
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(6), 3172; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22063172
Received: 25 February 2021 / Revised: 15 March 2021 / Accepted: 16 March 2021 / Published: 20 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Materials Science)
The risk of an early inflammation after implantation surgery of titanium implants has caused the development of different antimicrobial measures. The present research is aimed at characterizing the effects of nanosilver and nanocopper dispersed in the nanohydroxyapatite coatings, deposited on the Ti13Zr13Nb alloy, and on the chemical and biological properties of the coatings. The one-stage deposition process was performed by the electrophoretic method at different contents of nanomaterials in suspension. The surface topography of the coatings was examined with scanning electron microscopy. The wettability was expressed as the water contact angle. The corrosion behavior was characterized by the potentiodynamic technique. The release rate of copper and silver into the simulated body fluid was investigated by atomic absorption spectrometry. The antibacterial efficiency was evaluated as the survivability and adhesion of the bacteria and the growth of the biofilm. The cytotoxicity was assessed for osteoblasts. The results demonstrate that silver and copper increase the corrosion resistance and hydrophilicity. Both elements together effectively kill bacteria and inhibit biofilm growth but appear to be toxic for osteoblasts. The obtained results show that the nanohydroxyapatite coatings doped with nanosilver and nanocopper in a one-stage electrophoretic process can be valuable for antibacterial coatings. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanometals; nanohydroxyapatite coatings; biocompatibility; antibacterial efficiency; cytotoxicity nanometals; nanohydroxyapatite coatings; biocompatibility; antibacterial efficiency; cytotoxicity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bartmański, M.; Pawłowski, Ł.; Belcarz, A.; Przekora, A.; Ginalska, G.; Strugała, G.; Cieślik, B.M.; Pałubicka, A.; Zieliński, A. The Chemical and Biological Properties of Nanohydroxyapatite Coatings with Antibacterial Nanometals, Obtained in the Electrophoretic Process on the Ti13Zr13Nb Alloy. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 3172. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22063172

AMA Style

Bartmański M, Pawłowski Ł, Belcarz A, Przekora A, Ginalska G, Strugała G, Cieślik BM, Pałubicka A, Zieliński A. The Chemical and Biological Properties of Nanohydroxyapatite Coatings with Antibacterial Nanometals, Obtained in the Electrophoretic Process on the Ti13Zr13Nb Alloy. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(6):3172. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22063172

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bartmański, Michał, Łukasz Pawłowski, Anna Belcarz, Agata Przekora, Grazyna Ginalska, Gabriel Strugała, Bartłomiej M. Cieślik, Anna Pałubicka, and Andrzej Zieliński. 2021. "The Chemical and Biological Properties of Nanohydroxyapatite Coatings with Antibacterial Nanometals, Obtained in the Electrophoretic Process on the Ti13Zr13Nb Alloy" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 6: 3172. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22063172

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