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Article

Uncovering the Turnover Intention of Proactive Employees: The Mediating Role of Work Engagement and the Moderated Mediating Role of Job Autonomy

1
College of Business Administration, Pukyong National University, 45 Yongso-ro, Nam-gu, Busan 48513, Korea
2
School of Business, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(5), 843; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16050843
Received: 13 November 2018 / Revised: 25 January 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 8 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Vital Worker: Towards Sustainable Performance at Work)
Retaining proactive employees with the potential to be high performers is recognized as an essential condition for an organization’s survival and prosperity. However, few studies have logically explained and empirically clarified the link between proactive personality, which represents a distal proactive tendency, and turnover intention to predict actual turnover behavior. With the research objective to address these research gaps, we expected that work engagement as a proximal motivational mechanism was likely to mediate the relationship between proactive personality and turnover intention, and that job autonomy as a critical job context was likely to moderate the relationship between proactive personality and work engagement. We developed a moderated mediation model incorporating these expectations. The results of the survey conducted on employees working for mid-sized manufacturing firms in Korea were consistent with our expectations. The findings of this study help uncover the intentions of turnover exhibited by proactive employees. View Full-Text
Keywords: proactive personality; turnover intention; work engagement; job autonomy proactive personality; turnover intention; work engagement; job autonomy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shin, I.; Jeung, C.-W. Uncovering the Turnover Intention of Proactive Employees: The Mediating Role of Work Engagement and the Moderated Mediating Role of Job Autonomy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 843. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16050843

AMA Style

Shin I, Jeung C-W. Uncovering the Turnover Intention of Proactive Employees: The Mediating Role of Work Engagement and the Moderated Mediating Role of Job Autonomy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(5):843. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16050843

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shin, Inyong, and Chang-Wook Jeung. 2019. "Uncovering the Turnover Intention of Proactive Employees: The Mediating Role of Work Engagement and the Moderated Mediating Role of Job Autonomy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 5: 843. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16050843

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