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Article

The Impact of Modern Ultramarathons on Shaping the Social Identity of Runners. The Case Study of Karkonosze Winter Ultramarathon

1
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Poznan University of Physical Education, Krolowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, Poznan University of Physical Education, Krolowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 116; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17010116
Received: 5 October 2019 / Revised: 16 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 23 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
Despite the growing interest in extreme sports around the world, researchers have rarely investigated the complex factors that have led to a developed commitment to extreme sports in recent years. Precisely, the social identity of ultramarathoners remains a research niche. The aim of the article is to analyze the impact of a sports event on shaping social identity of ultramarathon runners on the example of Karkonosze Winter Ultramarathon (held in Poland). The qualitative method used in the article—interviews with runners—made it possible to examine the factors that create social identity, among which the motives for participation, sports subculture, and the authenticity of the experience play a key role. The first part of the article describes the theoretical aspects of social identity in sport. The second, empirical part presents the research results supplemented by the statements of the contestants. In this case, the subject of analysis is the motives for participation in a winter ultramarathon and their characteristics. Lastly, the article analyzes the subculture of ultramarathoners and the experience of contestants’ authenticity. The investigated winter ultramarathon created the perfect space for creation, deepening and celebrating the social identity of ultramarathoners assessed as a value in itself. The article enriches the present knowledge about the motivation of ultramarathoners because, unlike the results of quantitative research, it presents in-depth responses of runners who were not always concerned by existing research questionnaires. View Full-Text
Keywords: sports events; ultramarathon; social identity; sports subculture; authenticity of experience; sports motivations sports events; ultramarathon; social identity; sports subculture; authenticity of experience; sports motivations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kazimierczak, M.; Dąbrowska, A.; Adamczewska, K.; Malchrowicz-Mośko, E. The Impact of Modern Ultramarathons on Shaping the Social Identity of Runners. The Case Study of Karkonosze Winter Ultramarathon. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 116. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17010116

AMA Style

Kazimierczak M, Dąbrowska A, Adamczewska K, Malchrowicz-Mośko E. The Impact of Modern Ultramarathons on Shaping the Social Identity of Runners. The Case Study of Karkonosze Winter Ultramarathon. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):116. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17010116

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kazimierczak, Marek, Agata Dąbrowska, Katarzyna Adamczewska, and Ewa Malchrowicz-Mośko. 2020. "The Impact of Modern Ultramarathons on Shaping the Social Identity of Runners. The Case Study of Karkonosze Winter Ultramarathon" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 1: 116. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17010116

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