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Article

Cost-Effectiveness of a Problem-Solving Intervention Aimed to Prevent Sickness Absence among Employees with Common Mental Disorders or Occupational Stress

1
Division of Intervention and Implementation Research in Worker Health, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, University of Gävle, SE-801 76 Gävle, Sweden
3
Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics (LIME), Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
4
Department of Medical Science, Uppsala University, SE-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
5
Centre for Clinical Research, Region Västmanland—Uppsala University, Hospital of Västmanland, SE 721 89 Västerås, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5234; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145234
Received: 15 June 2020 / Revised: 3 July 2020 / Accepted: 16 July 2020 / Published: 20 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Interventions)
The cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness of a work-directed intervention implemented by the occupational health service (OHS) for employees with common mental disorders (CMD) or stress related problems at work were investigated. The economic evaluation was conducted in a two-armed clustered RCT. Employees received either a problem-solving based intervention (PSI; n = 41) or care as usual (CAU; n = 59). Both were work-directed interventions. Data regarding sickness absence and production loss at work was gathered during a one-year follow-up. Bootstrap techniques were used to conduct a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) and a Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) from both an employer and societal perspective. Intervention costs were lower for PSI than CAU. Costs for long-term sickness absence were higher for CAU, whereas costs for short-term sickness absence and production loss at work were higher for PSI. Mainly due to these costs, PSI was not cost-effective from the employer’s perspective. However, PSI was cost-beneficial from a societal perspective. CEA showed that a one-day reduction of long-term sickness absence costed on average €101 for PSI, a cost that primarily was borne by the employer. PSI reduced the socio-economic burden compared to CAU and could be recommended to policy makers. However, reduced long-term sickness absence, i.e., increased work attendance, was accompanied by employees perceiving higher levels of production loss at work and thus increased the cost for employers. This partly explains why an effective intervention was not cost-effective from the employer’s perspective. Hence, additional adjustments and/or support at the workplace might be needed for reducing the loss of production at work. View Full-Text
Keywords: cost-benefit; cost-effectiveness; problem solving intervention; sickness absence; production loss at work; common mental disorders; stress-related problems; return to work cost-benefit; cost-effectiveness; problem solving intervention; sickness absence; production loss at work; common mental disorders; stress-related problems; return to work
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MDPI and ACS Style

Keus Van De Poll, M.; Bergström, G.; Jensen, I.; Nybergh, L.; Kwak, L.; Lornudd, C.; Lohela-Karlsson, M. Cost-Effectiveness of a Problem-Solving Intervention Aimed to Prevent Sickness Absence among Employees with Common Mental Disorders or Occupational Stress. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5234. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145234

AMA Style

Keus Van De Poll M, Bergström G, Jensen I, Nybergh L, Kwak L, Lornudd C, Lohela-Karlsson M. Cost-Effectiveness of a Problem-Solving Intervention Aimed to Prevent Sickness Absence among Employees with Common Mental Disorders or Occupational Stress. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5234. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145234

Chicago/Turabian Style

Keus Van De Poll, Marijke, Gunnar Bergström, Irene Jensen, Lotta Nybergh, Lydia Kwak, Caroline Lornudd, and Malin Lohela-Karlsson. 2020. "Cost-Effectiveness of a Problem-Solving Intervention Aimed to Prevent Sickness Absence among Employees with Common Mental Disorders or Occupational Stress" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5234. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145234

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