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Article

Investigating Cumulative Exposures among 3- to 4-Year-Old Children Using Wearable Ultrafine Particle Sensors and Language Environment Devices: A Pilot and Feasibility Study

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Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Medicine & Public Health, University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
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Molecular and Environmental Toxicology Program, School of Medicine & Public Health, University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
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Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
4
Human Development and Family Studies Department, School of Human Ecology, University of Wisconsin—Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5259; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145259
Received: 18 June 2020 / Revised: 7 July 2020 / Accepted: 7 July 2020 / Published: 21 July 2020
Interdisciplinary approaches are needed to measure the additive or multiplicative impacts of chemical and non-chemical stressors on child development outcomes. The lack of interdisciplinary approaches to environmental health and child development has led to a gap in the development of effective intervention strategies. It is hypothesized that a broader systems approach can support more effective interventions over time. To achieve these goals, detailed study protocols are needed. Researchers in child development typically focus on psychosocial stressors. Less attention is paid to chemical and non-chemical stressors and how the interaction of these stressors may impact child development. This feasibility study aims to bridge the gap between child development and environmental epidemiology research by trialing novel methods of gathering ultrafine particle data with a wearable air sensor, while simultaneously gathering language and noise data with the Language Environment Analysis (LENA) system. Additionally, psychosocial data (e.g., parenting quality, caregiver depression, and household chaos) was gathered from parent reports. Child participants (age 3–4 years) completed cognitive tasks to assess self-regulation and receptive language skills, and provided a biospecimen analyzed for inflammatory biomarkers. Data collection was completed at two time points, roughly corresponding to fall and spring. Twenty-six participants were recruited for baseline data, and 11 participants completed a follow-up session. Preliminary results indicate that it is feasible to gather personal Particulate Matter (PM2.5), language, and noise data, cognitive assessments, and biospecimens from our sample of 3-4-year-old children. While there are obstacles to overcome when working with this age group, future studies can benefit from adapting lessons learned regarding recruitment strategies, study design, and protocol implementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: PM2.5; air pollution; noise; child development; exposure assessment; ultrafine particles; cumulative exposure PM2.5; air pollution; noise; child development; exposure assessment; ultrafine particles; cumulative exposure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schultz, A.A.; Malecki, K.M.C.; Olson, M.M.; Selman, S.B.; Olaiya, O.-I.; Spicer, A.; Schauer, J.J.; Edwards, R.; Kirkorian, H.L.; Dilworth-Bart, J. Investigating Cumulative Exposures among 3- to 4-Year-Old Children Using Wearable Ultrafine Particle Sensors and Language Environment Devices: A Pilot and Feasibility Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5259. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145259

AMA Style

Schultz AA, Malecki KMC, Olson MM, Selman SB, Olaiya O-I, Spicer A, Schauer JJ, Edwards R, Kirkorian HL, Dilworth-Bart J. Investigating Cumulative Exposures among 3- to 4-Year-Old Children Using Wearable Ultrafine Particle Sensors and Language Environment Devices: A Pilot and Feasibility Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5259. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145259

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schultz, Amy A., Kristen M.C. Malecki, Maddie M. Olson, Saliha B. Selman, Oona-Ife Olaiya, Alexandra Spicer, James J. Schauer, Ross Edwards, Heather L. Kirkorian, and Janean Dilworth-Bart. 2020. "Investigating Cumulative Exposures among 3- to 4-Year-Old Children Using Wearable Ultrafine Particle Sensors and Language Environment Devices: A Pilot and Feasibility Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5259. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17145259

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