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Article

Prospective Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Predictors of Initiation and Cessation of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Chinese Adolescents

Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9454; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249454
Received: 20 October 2020 / Revised: 5 December 2020 / Accepted: 11 December 2020 / Published: 17 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trauma, Coping, and Resilience in Adolescents)
(1) Purpose: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) possibly emerges as well as remits in adolescence. To explore the development and transition of NSSI, this study examined the association between a wide range of interpersonal and intrapersonal predictors of NSSI initiation and cessation. (2) Methods: Chinese adolescents (N = 913) completed self-reported surveys at baseline and at a six-month follow-up. The sample included 625 adolescents who reported no NSSI and 288 adolescents who reported engagement in NSSI at baseline. (3) Results: Among the adolescents without NSSI at baseline, 24.3% engaged in NSSI at follow-up (NSSI initiation group). Among the adolescents with NSSI at baseline, 33.3% reported no NSSI at follow-up (NSSI cessation group). Loneliness, beliefs about adversity, problem behavior, and prosocial behavior were the significant factors in predicting subsequent NSSI initiation. None of the potential predicting factors were associated with subsequent NSSI cessation. (4) Conclusions: These results indicate the importance of intrapersonal factors in Chinese culture, which could be used to identify at-risk adolescents and to design interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-suicidal self-injury; interpersonal factors; intrapersonal factors; initiation; cessation; adolescents non-suicidal self-injury; interpersonal factors; intrapersonal factors; initiation; cessation; adolescents
MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, H.; Wang, Q.; Liu, X.; Gao, Y.; Chen, Z. Prospective Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Predictors of Initiation and Cessation of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Chinese Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9454. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249454

AMA Style

Wang H, Wang Q, Liu X, Gao Y, Chen Z. Prospective Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Predictors of Initiation and Cessation of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Chinese Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9454. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249454

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Hui, Quanquan Wang, Xia Liu, Yemiao Gao, and Zixun Chen. 2020. "Prospective Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Predictors of Initiation and Cessation of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Chinese Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9454. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249454

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