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Analysis of Environmental Activities for Developing Public Health Investments and Policies: A Comparative Study with Structure Equation and Interval Type 2 Fuzzy Hybrid Models

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School of Technology, Harbin University, Harbin 150086, China
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Heilongjiang Province Academy of Cold Area Build Research, Harbin 150080, China
3
School of Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), Harbin 150006, China
4
School of Business, Istanbul Medipol University, Kavacık South Campus, Beykoz, 34810 Istanbul, Turkey
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1977; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061977
Received: 23 January 2020 / Revised: 4 March 2020 / Accepted: 11 March 2020 / Published: 17 March 2020
The design of elements which exert pivotal effects on leisurely physical activity (LPA) in open space is an important part of urban development. However, little research has been done about the influence and discrepancies of those elements in different types of open space. To research these issues and to guide the design of urban open space, a survey from 8 open spaces (2 curtilage, 2 neighborhood squares (NS), 2 parks, and 2 campus) is conducted and a questionnaire is administered. Simultaneous analysis of several groups (SASG) of Structure equation model (SEM) is used, and the effects and discrepancies are acquired. In addition to this situation, interval type 2 (IT2) fuzzy hybrid decision making model is proposed in the second analysis. In this framework, IT2 fuzzy decision-making trial, evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL), and IT2 fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) methods are used. The results show that the influence relationships between elements and LPA did exist in four groups. Another important conclusion is that there were discrepancies of influence among different space groups. Physical environment (PE) has the greatest influence on LPA in the curtilage, whereas facilities exert the most effect in NS group. Additionally, amenities only have significant impact in parks and facilities only exercise remarkable influence on duration on campus. In addition to them, it is also identified that key design elements are presented for different types of space and that design strategy is provided through 4 specific examples. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; environment; public health; structure equation model; DEMATEL; TOPSIS; interval type 2 fuzzy sets physical activity; environment; public health; structure equation model; DEMATEL; TOPSIS; interval type 2 fuzzy sets
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, C.; Li, R.; Xia, Y.; Yuan, Y.; Dinçer, H.; Yüksel, S. Analysis of Environmental Activities for Developing Public Health Investments and Policies: A Comparative Study with Structure Equation and Interval Type 2 Fuzzy Hybrid Models. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1977. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061977

AMA Style

Zhang C, Li R, Xia Y, Yuan Y, Dinçer H, Yüksel S. Analysis of Environmental Activities for Developing Public Health Investments and Policies: A Comparative Study with Structure Equation and Interval Type 2 Fuzzy Hybrid Models. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(6):1977. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061977

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Cuina, Ruobing Li, Yun Xia, Yixing Yuan, Hasan Dinçer, and Serhat Yüksel. 2020. "Analysis of Environmental Activities for Developing Public Health Investments and Policies: A Comparative Study with Structure Equation and Interval Type 2 Fuzzy Hybrid Models" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 6: 1977. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17061977

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