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Article

Sitting Posture, Sagittal Spinal Curvatures and Back Pain in 8 to 12-Year-Old Children from the Region of Murcia (Spain): ISQUIOS Programme

1
Department of Physical Activity and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Regional Campus of International Excellence “Campus Mare Nostrum”, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
2
Sports and Musculoskeletal System Research Group (RAQUIS), University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
3
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Albacete University Hospital Complex, 02006 Albacete, Spain
4
Department of Medicine and Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2578; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072578
Received: 10 January 2020 / Revised: 29 March 2020 / Accepted: 4 April 2020 / Published: 9 April 2020
To explore sagittal spinal alignment and pelvic disposition of schoolchildren in a slump sitting position is needed in order to establish preventive educational postural programs. The purposes of this study were to describe sagittal spinal alignment and pelvic tilt (LSA) in a slump sitting position and to explore the association of sagittal spine and pelvic tilt with back pain (BP) among 8–12-year-old children. It was a cross-sectional study. Sagittal spinal curvatures, BP and pelvic tilt were assessed in 582 students from 14 elementary schools. It was found that 53.44% of children had slight thoracic hyperkyphosis and that 48.80% presented moderate lumbar hyperkyphosis and 38.66% presented slight lumbar hyperkyphosis. Those who did not suffer from BP in any part of the back had a higher lumbar kyphosis (24.64 ± 7.84) or a greater LSA (107.27 ± 5.38) than children who had some type of BP in the previous year or week (lumbar kyphosis: 23.08 ± 8.06; LSA: 105.52 ± 6.00), although with no clinically relevant differences. In fact, neither sufferers nor those who did not have BP presented normal mean values for lumbar kyphosis or LSA according to normality references. This study demonstrates the need to assess sagittal morphotype in childhood since schoolchildren remain incorrectly seated for many hours and it greatly affects their spinal curvatures. View Full-Text
Keywords: sagittal morphotype; assessment; spinal imbalance; spinal curvatures; spine; asthenic sitting; postural hygiene; postural education; scholar; slump sitting sagittal morphotype; assessment; spinal imbalance; spinal curvatures; spine; asthenic sitting; postural hygiene; postural education; scholar; slump sitting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sainz de Baranda, P.; Cejudo, A.; Martínez-Romero, M.T.; Aparicio-Sarmiento, A.; Rodríguez-Ferrán, O.; Collazo-Diéguez, M.; Hurtado-Avilés, J.; Andújar, P.; Santonja-Medina, F. Sitting Posture, Sagittal Spinal Curvatures and Back Pain in 8 to 12-Year-Old Children from the Region of Murcia (Spain): ISQUIOS Programme. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2578. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072578

AMA Style

Sainz de Baranda P, Cejudo A, Martínez-Romero MT, Aparicio-Sarmiento A, Rodríguez-Ferrán O, Collazo-Diéguez M, Hurtado-Avilés J, Andújar P, Santonja-Medina F. Sitting Posture, Sagittal Spinal Curvatures and Back Pain in 8 to 12-Year-Old Children from the Region of Murcia (Spain): ISQUIOS Programme. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2578. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072578

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sainz de Baranda, Pilar, Antonio Cejudo, María T. Martínez-Romero, Alba Aparicio-Sarmiento, Olga Rodríguez-Ferrán, Mónica Collazo-Diéguez, José Hurtado-Avilés, Pilar Andújar, and Fernando Santonja-Medina. 2020. "Sitting Posture, Sagittal Spinal Curvatures and Back Pain in 8 to 12-Year-Old Children from the Region of Murcia (Spain): ISQUIOS Programme" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2578. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17072578

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