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Is There a Need to Integrate Human Thermal Models with Weather Forecasts to Predict Thermal Stress?
Article

Insulation and Evaporative Resistance of Clothing for Sugarcane Harvesters and Chemical Sprayers, and Their Application in PHS Model-Based Exposure Predictions

1
Thermal Environment Laboratory, Division of Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Department of Design Sciences, Lund University, Box 118, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
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Institute for Safety (IFV), P.O. Box 7112, 2701 AC Zoetermeer, The Netherlands
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Energy Institute, Brno University of Technology, 601 90 Brno, Czech Republic
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School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
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La Isla Network, Washington, P.O. Box 816, District of Columbia, MI 49301, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3074; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093074
Received: 29 February 2020 / Revised: 18 April 2020 / Accepted: 25 April 2020 / Published: 28 April 2020
Many workers are exposed to heat stress that can be exacerbated by the type of clothing they wear. The resulted heat strain can lead to short or long-term heat-related disorders. This study aimed to measure clothing properties of sugarcane field workers and evaluate the heat strain by an international standard, predicted heat strain model (PHS). The clothing thermal insulation and evaporative resistance values of sugarcane cutter and chemical sprayer outfits were acquired for the whole body, body regions and specific body parts via thermal manikin measurements. The detailed clothing insulation values of body parts can be utilized in advanced thermo-physiological models, while in this study, the values for the whole body together with weather data were used in PHS. Estimated duration limited exposure times (DLE) for an hour-by-hour prediction over a workday and for a range of high humidity scenarios were calculated. Such evaluation tools can be used for risk assessment and management to support organizational measures and prepare equipment and materials in the case of hot weather events in order to avoid dehydration and other heat-related disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat stress; dehydration; protective clothing; sugarcane field workers; prevention; clothing insulation; evaporative resistance; predicted heat strain; exposure evaluation; human thermal modeling heat stress; dehydration; protective clothing; sugarcane field workers; prevention; clothing insulation; evaporative resistance; predicted heat strain; exposure evaluation; human thermal modeling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kuklane, K.; Toma, R.; Lucas, R.A.I. Insulation and Evaporative Resistance of Clothing for Sugarcane Harvesters and Chemical Sprayers, and Their Application in PHS Model-Based Exposure Predictions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3074. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093074

AMA Style

Kuklane K, Toma R, Lucas RAI. Insulation and Evaporative Resistance of Clothing for Sugarcane Harvesters and Chemical Sprayers, and Their Application in PHS Model-Based Exposure Predictions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3074. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093074

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kuklane, Kalev, Róbert Toma, and Rebekah A.I. Lucas 2020. "Insulation and Evaporative Resistance of Clothing for Sugarcane Harvesters and Chemical Sprayers, and Their Application in PHS Model-Based Exposure Predictions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 9: 3074. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17093074

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