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Article

Evaluation of Social Values for Ecosystem Services in Urban Riverfront Space Based on the SolVES Model: A Case Study of the Fenghe River, Xi’an, China

1
College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
2
Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization Jointly Built by Henan Province and Ministry of Education, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China
3
National Forestry and Grassland Administration Urban Forest Ecosystem Research Station, Xi’an 710127, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shu-Yuan Pan
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2765; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052765
Received: 1 February 2021 / Revised: 4 March 2021 / Accepted: 6 March 2021 / Published: 9 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineering for Sustainable Environment)
Urban riverfront space has diversified ecosystem services, but due to excessive changes in the geographical environment, such as drastic changes in land use, people gain social value at a great ecological cost. Obtaining benefits from the ecosystem in this way is not sustainable. Therefore, this paper uses the SolVES model to evaluate the social value of ecosystem services on the east bank of the Fenghe River, while also studying the contribution of different environmental variables to social value. The main results are as follows. (1) Environmental variables affect the spatial distribution characteristics of social value. The distance to water (DTW) means the social value was distributed in strips, and the distance to road (DTR) concentrated the social value along the road. The landscape type (LT) means the social value was concentrated in the landscape space. (2) When DTW, DTR, and LT were collectively used as environmental variables, the distribution characteristics of various social values were similar to when LT was used as the only environmental variable. (3) The results of MaxEnt show that LT made a greater contribution to the aesthetic, recreation, therapeutic, and historic values, and was the largest contribution factor to the aesthetic, therapeutic, and historic values, with contribution rates of 47.6, 50.5, and 80.0%, respectively. DTW is the factor that contributed the most to recreation, with a contribution rate of 43.1%. Improving social value based on the influence and contribution of environmental variables can reduce the damage to the ecological environment caused by changes in geographic factors. This is sustainable for both the ecosystem and the services it provides to mankind. View Full-Text
Keywords: SolVES model; landscape space; participatory mapping; environmental variables SolVES model; landscape space; participatory mapping; environmental variables
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Z.; Zhang, H.; Feng, J.; Wang, Y.; Liu, K. Evaluation of Social Values for Ecosystem Services in Urban Riverfront Space Based on the SolVES Model: A Case Study of the Fenghe River, Xi’an, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2765. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052765

AMA Style

Zhang Z, Zhang H, Feng J, Wang Y, Liu K. Evaluation of Social Values for Ecosystem Services in Urban Riverfront Space Based on the SolVES Model: A Case Study of the Fenghe River, Xi’an, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2765. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052765

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Zhicheng, Hongjuan Zhang, Juan Feng, Yirong Wang, and Kang Liu. 2021. "Evaluation of Social Values for Ecosystem Services in Urban Riverfront Space Based on the SolVES Model: A Case Study of the Fenghe River, Xi’an, China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2765. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052765

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