Next Article in Journal
Secular Trends of Underweight, Overweight, and Obesity in Children and Adolescents from Ukraine
Previous Article in Journal
Health Literacy, Digital Health Literacy, and COVID-19 Pandemic Attitudes and Behaviors in U.S. College Students: Implications for Interventions
Article

Mental Health, Greenness, and Nature Related Behaviors in the Adult Population of Stockholm County during COVID-19-Related Restrictions

1
Center for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Region Stockholm, 113 65 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Box 210, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
3
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
4
Aging Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Care Science and Society, Karolinska Institute, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 3303; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063303
Received: 5 March 2021 / Revised: 17 March 2021 / Accepted: 19 March 2021 / Published: 23 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
International data suggest that exposure to nature is beneficial for mental health and well-being. The restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic have created a setting that allows us to investigate the importance of greenness exposure on mental health during a period of increased isolation and worry. Based on 2060 responses from an online survey in Stockholm County, Sweden, we investigated: (1) whether the COVID-19 pandemic changed peoples’ lifestyle and nature-related habits, and (2) if peoples’ mental health differed depending on their exposure to greenness. Neighborhood greenness levels were quantified by using the average normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) within 50 m, 100 m, 300 m, and 500 m buffers surrounding the participant’s place of residence. We found that the number of individuals that reported that they visited natural areas “often” was significantly higher during the pandemic than before the pandemic. Higher levels of greenness surrounding one’s location of residence were in general associated with higher mental health/well-being and vitality scores, and less symptoms of depression, anxiety, and perceived and cognitive stress, after adjustments for demographic variables and walkability. In conclusion, the results from the present study provided support to the suggestion that contact with nature may be important for mental health in extreme circumstances. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; greenness; mental health; societal change; social isolation; psychological factors; resilience COVID-19; greenness; mental health; societal change; social isolation; psychological factors; resilience
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lõhmus, M.; Stenfors, C.U.D.; Lind, T.; Lauber, A.; Georgelis, A. Mental Health, Greenness, and Nature Related Behaviors in the Adult Population of Stockholm County during COVID-19-Related Restrictions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3303. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063303

AMA Style

Lõhmus M, Stenfors CUD, Lind T, Lauber A, Georgelis A. Mental Health, Greenness, and Nature Related Behaviors in the Adult Population of Stockholm County during COVID-19-Related Restrictions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):3303. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063303

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lõhmus, Mare, Cecilia U.D. Stenfors, Tomas Lind, André Lauber, and Antonios Georgelis. 2021. "Mental Health, Greenness, and Nature Related Behaviors in the Adult Population of Stockholm County during COVID-19-Related Restrictions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 3303. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18063303

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop