Next Article in Journal
Baculovirus Induced Transcripts in Hemocytes from the Larvae of Heliothis virescens
Next Article in Special Issue
Antiviral Immunity in Amphibians
Previous Article in Journal
Recombination in Hepatitis C Virus
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Molecular Biology of Frog Virus 3 and other Iridoviruses Infecting Cold-Blooded Vertebrates
Review

Viruses of Fish: An Overview of Significant Pathogens

Australian Animal Health Laboratory, CSIRO Livestock Industries, Geelong Victoria 3220, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2011, 3(11), 2025-2046; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v3112025
Received: 2 September 2011 / Revised: 26 September 2011 / Accepted: 28 September 2011 / Published: 25 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viruses Infecting Fish, Amphibians, and Reptiles)
The growing global demand for seafood together with the limited capacity of the wild-capture sector to meet this demand has seen the aquaculture industry continue to grow around the world. A vast array of aquatic animal species is farmed in high density in freshwater, brackish and marine systems where they are exposed to new environments and potentially new diseases. On-farm stresses may compromise their ability to combat infection, and farming practices facilitate rapid transmission of disease. Viral pathogens, whether they have been established for decades or whether they are newly emerging as disease threats, are particularly challenging since there are few, if any, efficacious treatments, and the development of effective viral vaccines for delivery in aquatic systems remains elusive. Here, we review a few of the more significant viral pathogens of finfish, including aquabirnaviruses and infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus which have been known since the first half of the 20th century, and more recent viral pathogens, for example betanodaviruses, that have emerged as aquaculture has undergone a dramatic expansion in the past few decades.
Keywords: aquabirnavirus; betanodavirus; infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus; salmonid alphavirus; epizootic hematopoietic necrosis virus; infectious salmon anemia virus; viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus aquabirnavirus; betanodavirus; infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus; salmonid alphavirus; epizootic hematopoietic necrosis virus; infectious salmon anemia virus; viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus
MDPI and ACS Style

Crane, M.; Hyatt, A. Viruses of Fish: An Overview of Significant Pathogens. Viruses 2011, 3, 2025-2046. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v3112025

AMA Style

Crane M, Hyatt A. Viruses of Fish: An Overview of Significant Pathogens. Viruses. 2011; 3(11):2025-2046. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v3112025

Chicago/Turabian Style

Crane, Mark, and Alex Hyatt. 2011. "Viruses of Fish: An Overview of Significant Pathogens" Viruses 3, no. 11: 2025-2046. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/v3112025

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop