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Article

The Structural Relationship between Exercise Frequency, Social Health, and Happiness in Adolescents

Graduate School of Education, Gachon University, Gyeonggi-do 13120, Korea
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1050; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13031050
Received: 3 December 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 16 January 2021 / Published: 20 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity, Health and Sustainability)
The aim of this study was to verify the relations between exercise frequency, social relationships, sense of community, and subjective happiness among adolescents. The data analysed in the study were from the 11th Korean Child–Adolescent Happiness Index conducted by the Korean Bang Jeong Hwan Foundation in 2019. The data consisted of questionnaire responses from 5094 middle-school and high-school students. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, model validity and fit analysis, path analysis, and effects analysis. The results showed that exercise frequency was associated with social relationships, sense of community, and subjective happiness in adolescents, and a comprehensive examination of relations between exercise frequency, a part of social relationships, sense of community, and subjective happiness was confirmed. It can be concluded that adolescents who participate in frequent exercise become more socially adept, which could in turn make them happier. Policymakers and stakeholders, including educational institutions and parents, should therefore promote adolescent participation in exercise and sports. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; social health; social relationships; sense of community; happiness exercise; social health; social relationships; sense of community; happiness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cheon, H. The Structural Relationship between Exercise Frequency, Social Health, and Happiness in Adolescents. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1050. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13031050

AMA Style

Cheon H. The Structural Relationship between Exercise Frequency, Social Health, and Happiness in Adolescents. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1050. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13031050

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cheon, HangUk. 2021. "The Structural Relationship between Exercise Frequency, Social Health, and Happiness in Adolescents" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1050. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13031050

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