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Article

A Proposed Theoretical Approach for the Estimation of Seismic Structural Vulnerability of Wastewater Treatment Plants

1
Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Ancient Olive Grove Campus, University of West Attica, 250 Thivon Str., GR-12244 Egaleo, Greece
2
Department of Financial and Management Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Aegean, 41 Kountourioti Str., GR-82132 Chios, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: George D. Bathrellos, Hariklia D. Skilodimou, Konstantinos G. Chousianitis, Charalampos Vasilatos and Tommaso Caloiero
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 4835; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13094835
Received: 13 March 2021 / Revised: 18 April 2021 / Accepted: 20 April 2021 / Published: 25 April 2021
The assessment of seismic vulnerability is critical for lifelines such as wastewater treatment plants (WTPs) because failures may result in environmental degradation, deterioration of water quality and human diseases development. The main scope of this research is the testing and application of a rapid, simple methodology for assessing the seismic structural vulnerability (SSV) of WTPs (according to the qualitative method Rapid Visual Screening), using structural variables as indices of these infrastructures. An original new method involving the assessment of the SSV of thirteen steps (four for a sample set of WTPs and nine for an individual one) is introduced following systematic literature retrieval. The analysis highlights twenty one factors that may determine the SSV of WTPs: three factors involving general characteristics, five factors involving seismicity and geotechnical data, six factors involving technical data (including structural data) and seven additional factors about WTPs’ materials (concrete and the steel reinforcement of concrete frames). The structural data is analyzed to six additional factors. The implementation of the proposed methodology constitutes a simple, rapid methodological approach for assessing the SSV of WTPs using unique factors that were pinpointed and identified for the first time in this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: structural vulnerability; seismicity; Wastewater Treatment Plants; sustainability structural vulnerability; seismicity; Wastewater Treatment Plants; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kerpelis, P.N.; Golfinopoulos, S.K.; Alexakis, D.E. A Proposed Theoretical Approach for the Estimation of Seismic Structural Vulnerability of Wastewater Treatment Plants. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4835. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13094835

AMA Style

Kerpelis PN, Golfinopoulos SK, Alexakis DE. A Proposed Theoretical Approach for the Estimation of Seismic Structural Vulnerability of Wastewater Treatment Plants. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):4835. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13094835

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kerpelis, Ploutarchos N., Spyridon K. Golfinopoulos, and Dimitrios E. Alexakis 2021. "A Proposed Theoretical Approach for the Estimation of Seismic Structural Vulnerability of Wastewater Treatment Plants" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 4835. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13094835

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