Small target detection is a crucial technique that restricts the performance of many infrared imaging systems. In this paper, a novel detection model of infrared small target via non-convex tensor rank surrogate joint local contrast energy (NTRS) is proposed. To improve the latest infrared patch-tensor (IPT) model, a non-convex tensor rank surrogate merging tensor nuclear norm (TNN) and the Laplace function, is utilized for low rank background patch-tensor constraint, which has a useful property of adaptively allocating weight for every singular value and can better approximate
-norm. Considering that the local prior map can be equivalent to the saliency map, we introduce a local contrast energy feature into IPT detection framework to weight target tensor, which can efficiently suppress the background and preserve the target simultaneously. Besides, to remove the structured edges more thoroughly, we suggest an additional structured sparse regularization term using the
-norm of third-order tensor. To solve the proposed model, a high-efficiency optimization way based on alternating direction method of multipliers with the fast computing of tensor singular value decomposition is designed. Finally, an adaptive threshold is utilized to extract real targets of the reconstructed target image. A series of experimental results show that the proposed method has robust detection performance and outperforms the other advanced methods.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited