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Article

Assessing Aflatoxin Exposure Risk from Peanuts and Peanut Products Imported to Taiwan

1
Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei City 11031, Taiwan
2
Food and Drug Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei City 11561, Taiwan
3
Department of Food Science, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung City 202, Taiwan
4
Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei City 11031, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2018 / Revised: 18 January 2019 / Accepted: 29 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Mycotoxin Exposure: Emerging Risks to Human Health)
Aflatoxins are highly toxic and cause disease in livestock and humans. In order to assess Taiwan population exposure to aflatoxin from peanuts and peanut products, a total of 1089 samples of peanut candy, peanut butter, and peanuts etc. were collected in the period from 2011 to 2017 and analyzed using a liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometer. The overall mean contamination levels of aflatoxin in peanuts and peanut products were 2.40 μg/kg of aflatoxin B1, 0.41 μg/kg of aflatoxin B2, 0.19 μg/kg of aflatoxin G1, and 0.03 μg/kg of aflatoxin G2. We use margin of exposure (MOE) as a tool to improve food safety management. According to MOE levels of aflatoxins in peanuts and peanut products from China, Indonesia, Thailand, the United States, and the Philippines were above the safe lower limit of 10,000, indicating an absence of public health or safety risk for the majority of the population. However, products from Vietnam were under the MOE safe lower limit, suggesting that regulatory actions must be continued to avoid excessive consumer exposure. View Full-Text
Keywords: aflatoxin; risk assessment; peanut; imported food aflatoxin; risk assessment; peanut; imported food
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lien, K.-W.; Wang, X.; Pan, M.-H.; Ling, M.-P. Assessing Aflatoxin Exposure Risk from Peanuts and Peanut Products Imported to Taiwan. Toxins 2019, 11, 80. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins11020080

AMA Style

Lien K-W, Wang X, Pan M-H, Ling M-P. Assessing Aflatoxin Exposure Risk from Peanuts and Peanut Products Imported to Taiwan. Toxins. 2019; 11(2):80. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins11020080

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lien, Keng-Wen, Xin Wang, Min-Hsiung Pan, and Min-Pei Ling. 2019. "Assessing Aflatoxin Exposure Risk from Peanuts and Peanut Products Imported to Taiwan" Toxins 11, no. 2: 80. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins11020080

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