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Article

The Basic Psychological Needs in the Classroom Scale (BPN-CS)

1
Facultad de Educación, Universidad de Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
2
Centro de Investigación Nebrija en Cognición, Universidad Antonio de Nebrija, 28015 Madrid, Spain
3
Department of Language and Culture, The Arctic University of Norway, 6050 Tromsø, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Antonella Brighi, Livia Taverna and Scott D. Lane
Received: 25 March 2021 / Revised: 15 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
Recent experimental and theoretical studies have shown that the assessment of students’ satisfaction of their basic psychological needs (BPN) can be a powerful resource to identify different areas to improve their well-being, engagement, or learning achievement in school contexts. However, currently, the number of validated tools to assess the satisfaction of the BPN is very low, hindering informed decision-making strategies at the educational level. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Basic Psychological Needs in the Classroom Scale (BPN-CS) instrument, adapting existing instruments and putting the new tool to the test. The BPN-CS was developed to measure the level of satisfaction of autonomy, competence, relatedness, and novelty in the classroom. We tested the scale on a representative sample of 1344 Spanish elementary school students from 8 to 13 years old. A series of analyses were run in order to test the internal consistency of the main factors as well as to prove the convergent and divergent validity of the instrument. In summary, the BPN-CS is presented as a reliable and valid self-report instrument to measure basic psychological needs in a classroom context with elementary school pupils in the Spanish context. View Full-Text
Keywords: BPN-CS; basic psychological needs; self-determination theory; measurement; elementary school; validation BPN-CS; basic psychological needs; self-determination theory; measurement; elementary school; validation
MDPI and ACS Style

Conesa, P.J.; Duñabeitia, J.A. The Basic Psychological Needs in the Classroom Scale (BPN-CS). Behav. Sci. 2021, 11, 96. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/bs11070096

AMA Style

Conesa PJ, Duñabeitia JA. The Basic Psychological Needs in the Classroom Scale (BPN-CS). Behavioral Sciences. 2021; 11(7):96. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/bs11070096

Chicago/Turabian Style

Conesa, Pedro J., and Jon A. Duñabeitia 2021. "The Basic Psychological Needs in the Classroom Scale (BPN-CS)" Behavioral Sciences 11, no. 7: 96. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/bs11070096

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