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Article

Varying the Polishing Protocol Influences the Color Stability and Surface Roughness of Bulk-Fill Resin-Based Composites

1
Clinical Research Unit (CRU), Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar Egas Moniz (CiiEM), Instituto Universitário Egas Moniz (IUEM), 2829-511 Almada, Portugal
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Department of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, Royal Free Hospital, UCL Eastman Dental Institute, London NW3 NPF, UK
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Quantitative Methods for Health Research (MQIS), CiiEM, Instituto Universitário Egas Moniz (IUEM), 2829-511 Almada, Portugal
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UCIBIO and LAQV Requimte, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologias, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Almada, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Biomater. 2021, 12(1), 1; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jfb12010001
Received: 31 October 2020 / Revised: 17 December 2020 / Accepted: 18 December 2020 / Published: 22 December 2020
Surface properties of composites such as roughness and color impact periodontal health and aesthetic outcomes. Novel bulk-fill composites with improved functionality are being introduced and, in light of the existing variety of finishing/polishing procedures, research of their surface properties is warranted. Sixty discs were prepared from bulk-fill composites (Filtek™ Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative and Fill-Up™) and incremental-fill Filtek™ Z250. They were further divided according to different polishing procedures (n = 5): three multi-step polishing procedures or finishing with a bur (control). Surface roughness (Ra) was measured using an atomic force microscope (The AFM Workshop TT-AFM). A spectrophotometer (Spectroshade Micro Optic) was used to determine color stability, after exposure to a coffee solution. Data were analyzed using two-way MANOVA (significance level of 5%). Resin composite type, polishing procedure, and their interaction had a statistically significant effect on surface roughness (p < 0.001) and color change (p < 0.001). Fill-Up™ exhibited the highest surface roughness and greatest color change. Differences in color change were statistically significant (p < 0.001). Filtek™ Bulk Fill registered the lowest surface roughness and color change, after the three-step polishing procedure. Both parameters were significantly correlated (ρ = 0.754, p < 0.001) and found to be material dependent and polishing-procedure dependent. Higher surface roughness relates to greater color changes. View Full-Text
Keywords: color stability; dental composites; methacrylate-based resin; surface roughness color stability; dental composites; methacrylate-based resin; surface roughness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Freitas, F.; Pinheiro de Melo, T.; Delgado, A.H.; Monteiro, P.; Rua, J.; Proença, L.; Caldeira, J.; Mano Azul, A.; Mendes, J.J. Varying the Polishing Protocol Influences the Color Stability and Surface Roughness of Bulk-Fill Resin-Based Composites. J. Funct. Biomater. 2021, 12, 1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jfb12010001

AMA Style

Freitas F, Pinheiro de Melo T, Delgado AH, Monteiro P, Rua J, Proença L, Caldeira J, Mano Azul A, Mendes JJ. Varying the Polishing Protocol Influences the Color Stability and Surface Roughness of Bulk-Fill Resin-Based Composites. Journal of Functional Biomaterials. 2021; 12(1):1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jfb12010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Freitas, Filipa, Teresa Pinheiro de Melo, António H. Delgado, Paulo Monteiro, João Rua, Luís Proença, Jorge Caldeira, Ana Mano Azul, and José J. Mendes 2021. "Varying the Polishing Protocol Influences the Color Stability and Surface Roughness of Bulk-Fill Resin-Based Composites" Journal of Functional Biomaterials 12, no. 1: 1. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jfb12010001

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