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Article

The Effect of Climate Variability on Maize Production in the Ejura-Sekyedumase Municipality, Ghana

1
Forestry Commission, Donor Relations and Projects, Accra, Ghana
2
Department of Environmental Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
3
Department of Fisheries, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chris Swanston
Received: 13 August 2021 / Revised: 6 September 2021 / Accepted: 22 September 2021 / Published: 26 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Climate Adaptation and Mitigation)
Agriculture is one of the sectors most susceptible to changes in climatic conditions. The impact is even stronger in Africa, where rain-fed agriculture is vital for daily subsistence, but where adaptive capacity is low. It is therefore crucial to increase the understanding of the actual climate change dynamics on agricultural productivity. This study examined the effects of changes in climatic variables such as rainfall and temperature on maize production in the Ejura-Sekyedumase Municipality, Ghana. Regression, chi-square and trend analyses were used to establish the relationship between climate variables (rainfall and temperature) and maize yield in the study area. This was supplemented with participatory household interviews with 120 farmers to understand the perception of farmers on rainfall and temperature patterns. The results from the study respondents and trend analysis show that rainfall is shorter in terms of duration and less predictable, whilst temperature has increased. The findings suggest that the general relationship between rainfall, temperature and maize yield is such that maize yield increased with increasing rainfall of the right amount and distribution pattern and decreased with increasing temperature. The study concludes that climate variability and/or change is evident in the study area and its effect on maize yield is severe. View Full-Text
Keywords: agriculture; climate change; maize production; food security agriculture; climate change; maize production; food security
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cudjoe, G.P.; Antwi-Agyei, P.; Gyampoh, B.A. The Effect of Climate Variability on Maize Production in the Ejura-Sekyedumase Municipality, Ghana. Climate 2021, 9, 145. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/cli9100145

AMA Style

Cudjoe GP, Antwi-Agyei P, Gyampoh BA. The Effect of Climate Variability on Maize Production in the Ejura-Sekyedumase Municipality, Ghana. Climate. 2021; 9(10):145. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/cli9100145

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cudjoe, Godwin P., Phillip Antwi-Agyei, and Benjamin A. Gyampoh 2021. "The Effect of Climate Variability on Maize Production in the Ejura-Sekyedumase Municipality, Ghana" Climate 9, no. 10: 145. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/cli9100145

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