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Article

Preliminary Efficacy and Feasibility of “Thinking While Moving in English”: A Program with Physical Activity Integrated into Primary School English Lessons

Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Education, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
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Received: 25 July 2018 / Revised: 3 August 2018 / Accepted: 8 August 2018 / Published: 10 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Children and Adolescents)
Background: The physical, cognitive, and learning benefits of physical activity for children have already been established. However, many schools are failing to provide children with sufficient activity at school due to a crowded school curriculum. Physical activity interventions that integrate physical activity with learning is a way to enhance physical and cognitive benefits without loss of academic time. This study evaluated the preliminary efficacy and feasibility of “Thinking While Moving in English”, a primary school program that integrates physical activity into English lessons. Method: Two classes of Grade 4 students (n = 55, 10–11 years old) were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 29) or control (n = 26) conditions. The program components consisted of 3 × 40 min physically active academic lessons per week, delivered over a 4-week period. The following measures were taken at baseline and immediate post-intervention: on-task behavior, cognition (inhibition and working memory), and learning outcomes (spelling and grammar). Results: Results revealed significant improvements in on-task behavior and spelling in the intervention group, compared to the control group. There were no observed improvements in cognitive outcomes or grammar. Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence for the efficacy of physically active English lessons to enhance children’s educational outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: learning; primary school children; academic achievement; on-task behavior; cognition; physical activity learning; primary school children; academic achievement; on-task behavior; cognition; physical activity
MDPI and ACS Style

Mavilidi, M.F.; Lubans, D.R.; Eather, N.; Morgan, P.J.; Riley, N. Preliminary Efficacy and Feasibility of “Thinking While Moving in English”: A Program with Physical Activity Integrated into Primary School English Lessons. Children 2018, 5, 109. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children5080109

AMA Style

Mavilidi MF, Lubans DR, Eather N, Morgan PJ, Riley N. Preliminary Efficacy and Feasibility of “Thinking While Moving in English”: A Program with Physical Activity Integrated into Primary School English Lessons. Children. 2018; 5(8):109. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children5080109

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mavilidi, Myrto F., David R. Lubans, Narelle Eather, Philip J. Morgan, and Nicholas Riley. 2018. "Preliminary Efficacy and Feasibility of “Thinking While Moving in English”: A Program with Physical Activity Integrated into Primary School English Lessons" Children 5, no. 8: 109. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children5080109

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