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Article

Risk Perception of COVID-19 Infection and Adherence to Preventive Measures among Adolescents and Young Adults

1
CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center, Montréal, QC H3T 1C5, Canada
2
Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada
3
Laboratory of Education and Health Practices (UR 3412), University Sorbonne Paris Nord, 93017 Bobigny, France
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Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, CHU Sainte-Justine, Montréal, QC H3T 1C5, Canada
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Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC H3N 1X9, Canada
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Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, CHU Sainte-Justine, Montréal, QC H3T 1C5, Canada
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Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, CHU Sainte-Justine, Montréal, QC H3T 1C5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 October 2020 / Revised: 15 December 2020 / Accepted: 18 December 2020 / Published: 21 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Global and Public Health)
To explore factors influencing adolescents and young adults’ (AYAs) risk perception of COVID-19 and adherence to public health measures, we conducted a cross-sectional online survey of AYAs (14–22 years old) from Quebec (Canada) recruited through school and community partners in April 2020 during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. The study included 3037 participants (mean age = 17.7 years, 74.6% female). AYAs had higher mean (standard deviation (SD)) risk perception of COVID-19 for their relatives (8.2 (1.9)) than for themselves (5.6 (2.6)) (p < 0.001). Factors associated with higher risk perception included higher disease knowledge (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.06, 95% CI 1.01–1.11), presence of chronic disease (aOR 2.31, 95%CI 1.82–2.93) and use of immunosuppressants (aOR 2.53, 95%CI 1.67–3.87). AYAs with a higher risk perception (aOR 1.06, 95%CI 1.02–1.10) those wishing to help flatten the disease curve (aOR 1.18, 95%CI 1.12–1.25) or to protect their family/friends (aOR 1.14, 95%CI 1.05–1.24) were more likely to engage in preventive behaviors. Self-perceived risk and desire to protect others were significantly associated with adherence to preventive measures among youth. These findings may help inform public health messaging to AYAs in the current and future pandemics. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; pandemic; risk perception; preventive measures; adolescents; young adults SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; pandemic; risk perception; preventive measures; adolescents; young adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, X.Y.; Gong, R.N.; Sassine, S.; Morsa, M.; Tchogna, A.S.; Drouin, O.; Chadi, N.; Jantchou, P. Risk Perception of COVID-19 Infection and Adherence to Preventive Measures among Adolescents and Young Adults. Children 2020, 7, 311. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120311

AMA Style

Yang XY, Gong RN, Sassine S, Morsa M, Tchogna AS, Drouin O, Chadi N, Jantchou P. Risk Perception of COVID-19 Infection and Adherence to Preventive Measures among Adolescents and Young Adults. Children. 2020; 7(12):311. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120311

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Xin Y.; Gong, Rui N.; Sassine, Samuel; Morsa, Maxime; Tchogna, Alexandra S.; Drouin, Olivier; Chadi, Nicholas; Jantchou, Prévost. 2020. "Risk Perception of COVID-19 Infection and Adherence to Preventive Measures among Adolescents and Young Adults" Children 7, no. 12: 311. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children7120311

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