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A Traditional Turkish Fermented Non-Alcoholic Grape-Based Beverage, “Hardaliye”

Food Engineering Department, Agricultural of Faculty, Namık Kemal University, 59030 Tekirdag, Turkey
Academic Editor: Shao Quan Liu
Received: 15 November 2016 / Revised: 18 December 2016 / Accepted: 20 December 2016 / Published: 1 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fermented Beverages)
Hardaliye is a non-alcoholic fermented beverage produced in a traditional way in Thrace, the European part of Turkey. The nutritional value of hardaliye is derived from the grapes and the fermentation process. Health benefits of hardaliye are also related to etheric oils present in mustard seeds. Hardaliye is a lactic acid fermented traditional beverage produced from grape juice and crushed grapes with the addition of different concentrations of whole/ground or heat-treated mustard seeds and sour cherry leaves. The color of hardaliye reflects the original color of the grapes and has a characteristic aroma. Dark red grape is preferred. Benzoic acid is used as preservative during production. Benzoic acid inhibits or decreases alcohol production by affecting the yeast. Fermentation occurs at room temperature for 7–10 days. If the ambient temperature is low, fermentation process can be extended until 20 days. Once fermented, the hardaliye is stored at 4 °C for three to four months. The hardaliye is consumed either fresh or aged. If it is aged, hardaliye may contain alcohol. The industrial production is just in small-scale and it must be developed. More studies are required to determine characteristic properties of hardaliye. Identification of the product properties will supply improvement for industrial production. View Full-Text
Keywords: hardaliye; fermented beverage; mustard seeds hardaliye; fermented beverage; mustard seeds
MDPI and ACS Style

Coskun, F. A Traditional Turkish Fermented Non-Alcoholic Grape-Based Beverage, “Hardaliye”. Beverages 2017, 3, 2.

AMA Style

Coskun F. A Traditional Turkish Fermented Non-Alcoholic Grape-Based Beverage, “Hardaliye”. Beverages. 2017; 3(1):2.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Coskun, Fatma. 2017. "A Traditional Turkish Fermented Non-Alcoholic Grape-Based Beverage, “Hardaliye”" Beverages 3, no. 1: 2.

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