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Article

Investigation of the Scattering Noise in Underwater Optical Wireless Communications

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran
2
OCRG, Mathematics, Physical and Electrical Engineering Department, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Claus Jacob
Received: 19 March 2021 / Revised: 13 May 2021 / Accepted: 24 May 2021 / Published: 1 June 2021
In underwater optical wireless communications (UOWC), scattering of the propagating light beam results in both intensity and phase variations, which limit the transmission link range and channel bandwidth, respectively. Scattering of photons while propagating through the channel is a random process, which results in the channel-dependent scattering noise. In this work, we introduce for the first time an analytical model for this noise and investigate its effect on the bit error rate performance of the UOWC system for three types of waters and a range of transmission link spans. We show that, for a short range of un-clear water or a longer range of clear water, the number of photons experiencing scattering is high, thus leading to the increased scattering noise. The results demonstrate that the FEC limit of 3×103 and considering the scattering noise, the maximum link spans are 51.5, 20, and 4.6 m for the clear, coastal, and harbor waters, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: UOWC; scattering; scattering noise UOWC; scattering; scattering noise
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MDPI and ACS Style

Majlesein, B.; Gholami, A.; Ghassemlooy, Z. Investigation of the Scattering Noise in Underwater Optical Wireless Communications. Sci 2021, 3, 27. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/sci3020027

AMA Style

Majlesein B, Gholami A, Ghassemlooy Z. Investigation of the Scattering Noise in Underwater Optical Wireless Communications. Sci. 2021; 3(2):27. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/sci3020027

Chicago/Turabian Style

Majlesein, Behnaz, Asghar Gholami, and Zabih Ghassemlooy. 2021. "Investigation of the Scattering Noise in Underwater Optical Wireless Communications" Sci 3, no. 2: 27. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/sci3020027

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