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Systematic Review

A Systematic Review of the Efficacy of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment for Women with Postpartum Depression

1
Faculty of Education, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia
2
NeuroCentrix Research Institute, Noble Park, VIC 3174, Australia
3
Australian Centre for Heart Health, North Melbourne, VIC 3051, Australia
4
South-Eastern Private Hospital, Noble Park, VIC 3174, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Takahiro A. Kato
Received: 7 May 2021 / Revised: 15 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 1 July 2021
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) has a strong evidence base for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), however, there is minimal research investigating the treatment of depression within the postpartum period. This systematic review aims to systematically examine the efficacy and safety of TMS when treating postpartum depression (PPD). Databases Ovid Medline, PsycINFO, EMBASE and PubMed were searched from inception to May 2021, to identify peer-reviewed papers assessing the administration of TMS for PPD treatment. Data were systematically extracted and evaluated regarding clinical psychiatric outcomes, social-relational outcomes, neuropsychological testing, and side effects. This systematic review included one randomised controlled trial, two open-label studies, two conference papers, and two case studies, providing data on 60 participants. TMS appears well tolerated, with no reported major adverse side effects. While the studies reported a general reduction in PPD symptoms, the poor quality of the evidence available indicates that TMS for PPD is unable to be currently recommended. However, the substantial evidence for TMS in the treatment of MDD and the differential response to antidepressant medication in PPD indicates that further research into TMS for PPD is warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: postpartum depression; major depression; systematic review; women mental health; DLPFC postpartum depression; major depression; systematic review; women mental health; DLPFC
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huddle, M.M.; Costello, S.C.; Barton, D.A. A Systematic Review of the Efficacy of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment for Women with Postpartum Depression. Psychiatry Int. 2021, 2, 265-276. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/psychiatryint2030020

AMA Style

Huddle MM, Costello SC, Barton DA. A Systematic Review of the Efficacy of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment for Women with Postpartum Depression. Psychiatry International. 2021; 2(3):265-276. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/psychiatryint2030020

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huddle, Maddison M., Shane C. Costello, and David A. Barton 2021. "A Systematic Review of the Efficacy of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment for Women with Postpartum Depression" Psychiatry International 2, no. 3: 265-276. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/psychiatryint2030020

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